James Henry Craddock (1856-1932), Architect

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Lincoln, 1889-1907; and Omaha, Nebraska, 1907-1932


DBA: In Omaha, James H. Craddock & Company

James Craddock was born at Mystic River, Connecticut, in 1856, to Nicholas and Ellen Purtel Craddock. Craddock’s father was a native of County Tipperary, Ireland, who arrived in the United States in 1848. James Craddock was educated in the schools of Mystic River, and in the Mystic River Institute. He came to Nebraska in 1885 and opened an architectural office in Lincoln.[25]

In 1907, Craddock moved his practice to Omaha, where he remained until his death in 1932. He married his second wife, Gertrude (Jennie) Sebring, in Omaha, 1904, and they had two children. He was a member of the Catholic Church, the Knights of Pythias, and the Order of Elks, and was very active in the democratic party and the Knights of Labor.[23][24][25][26][27]

This page is a contribution to the publication, Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. See the format and contents page for more information on the compilation and page organization.

Compiled Nebraska Directory Listings

Lincoln, Nebraska, 1889, 1895, 1899, 1900-1908

Omaha, Nebraska, 1900-1932

Educational & Professional Associations

1885-1907: architect, Lincoln, Nebraska.[25][26]

1889: architect and partner, Craddock & Woods, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.[42]

1890-1891: architect and partner, Craddock & Hay, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1898: partner, McDonald & Craddock, Architects, Omaha and Lincoln, Nebraska.

1907-1932: architect, Omaha, Nebraska.[26]

Other Associations

1898-1902: employed John G. L. Cordner, architect.

1907: employed Samuel F. Church.

1915: employed James L. Conley, draftsman.

1920: employed Harvey C. Peterson, plans, specifications, contracts.

Buildings & Projects

1885-1889

H. E. Noble duplex (1886), SE corner of 13th & H, Lincoln, Nebraska.[43] Extant 2018.

1889, Lincoln

For a few months in the spring of 1889, the architectural partnership of Craddock with A. W. Woods advertised repeatedly in Lincoln, Nebraska newspapers as Craddock & Woods. Then in December of that year, they published a "Notice of Dissolution" of the firm. The few known commissions of the partnership are listed on the page Craddock & Woods, Architects.

1890-1906, Lincoln

St Johns Catholic Church II (Kostel Sv Jana Nepomuckeho) (1891), northeast corner Pine & Saylor, Weston, Nebraska. (SD18-009)

Nebraska Building (1898), Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, Omaha, Nebraska.[38:160][b]

Fraternity Building for Messrs. Faulkner and Sharp - Royal Highlanders Building (1902), 13th & N, Lincoln, Nebraska.[7][28] Demolished.

Unsuccessful applicant, Grand Island Carnegie Library Building (1902), Grand Island, Nebraska.[17]

H. Schlesinger Store (1902), Lincoln, Nebraska.[1]

F. C. Mathews house (1902), Aurora, Nebraska. [1]

T. M. Sedgwick house (1902), York, Nebraska.[1]

A. B. Christian house (1902), York, Nebraska.[1]

Presbyterian Church (1902), Grand Island, Nebraska.[1]

Gosper house (1902), Lincoln, Nebraska.[9]

York Times Building (1902), York, Nebraska.[10]

W. E. Sharp house (1902), 13th & J, Lincoln, Nebraska.[11]

Bridgeport, Four-room School (1902), Bridgeport, Nebraska.[8]

Dr. Meredith house (1903), York, Nebraska.[4]

J. T. Hinkley house (1903), Ashland, Nebraska.[5]

Catholic Church (1903), Roseland, Nebraska.[12]

H. S. Harrison house (1903), York, Nebraska.[12]

Col. Bratt house (1903), 15th & C, Lincoln, Nebraska.[14]

Mrs. Lowry house (1903), 20th & Washington, Lincoln, Nebraska.[14]

J. P. Chapman house (1903), Aurora, Nebraska.[6]

German Reformed Church (1903), Holland, Nebraska.[2]

Commercial Club Bldg (1903), Lincoln (?), Nebraska.[3]

St. Joseph’s Catholic Church (1903), 4th between Maine & Pine, Friend, Nebraska.[1] (SA04-025)

Holy Trinity Catholic Church II (Novy Kostel Nejsvetejsi Trojice) (1903-09), nec Brainard & Madison, Brainard, Nebraska.[15] (BU03-010)

Hayward School (1904), Lincoln, Nebraska. (LC13:C10-110)

Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1904-05, 1929-30), O'Conner, Nebraska.[16][19] (GY00-001) National Register narrative

Sacred Heart Catholic Church (1904), Greeley, Nebraska.[16] (GY02-001)

Royal Highlanders Building (1904), 1235 M St., Aurora, Nebraska.[19] (HM01-002)

First Congregational Church (1905), Ashland, Nebraska. (SD01-042)

Parochial School (1905), Exeter, Nebraska.[29][a]

Immaculate Conception Catholic Church (1906), northeast corner Saunders & Ivy, Sutton, Nebraska. (CY12-031)

1907-1932, Omaha, Nebraska

Catholic School (1907), Ashton, Nebraska.[30]

School (1907), Aurora, Nebraska.[30]

St Martin's Church (1907-1909), Loucky, rural Clay County, Nebraska.[19] (CY00-002) National Register narrative

Rowhouse (1908), 2314-2316 Howard St., Omaha, Nebraska.[19][20] (DO09:0122-013)

Alterations and Addition, Edward J. Cornish House, aka Cornish Apartments (1909), 1404 S 10th, Omaha, Nebraska.[41]

St. Michael’s Catholic Church (1909), NW corner 8th & F St., Fairbury, Nebraska. (JF04-023)

Our Lady of Assumption Catholic Church (1909-10, 1926), southeast corner Lena & Libert, Deweese, Nebraska. (CY02-022)

St Michael's Catholic Church (1909-1914), Spalding, Nebraska.[19] (GY06-001) National Register narrative

Assumption Catholic Church (1909), Juniata vicinity, Nebraska.[18] Destroyed by fire, November 22, 1919.

Livingston Apartments (1909), 2316 S. 24th St., Omaha, Nebraska.[20] (DO09:0197-001)

School (1910), Silver Creek, Nebraska.[32]

School (1910), Ulysses, Nebraska.[31]

School (1910), Stanton, Nebraska.[33]

St. Patrick's Catholic Church (1910), O'Neill, Nebraska.[44] (HT13-056)

Holy Family Catholic Church (1910), Heartwell, Nebraska. (KN02-001)

St. Mary’s Church (1911), northeast corner 5th & I, David City, Nebraska. (BU05-037)

Two-story school (1911), Rosalie, Nebraska.[34]

Two-story high school (1911), Kearney, Nebraska.[35]

Two-story school (1911), Meadow Grove, Nebraska.[36]

School (1911), Falls City, Nebraska.[37]

Residence for Rev. J. J. Hoffman (1911), Falls City, Nebraska.[40]

T. J. Major’s Education Building (1916), Peru State College Campus, Peru, Nebraska. (NH09-026)

St. Mary’s Catholic Church (1916), 707 13th St., Aurora, Nebraska (HM01-221)

Plans for Panel Equipment for Concrete Swine Building (ca. 1917), Lincoln, Nebraska.[39]

Roman Catholic Church (1918), Fullerton, Nebraska.[22]

Undated

Guide Rock Public Library (n.d.), Guide Rock, Nebraska.[17]

Geneva High School (n.d.), Geneva, Nebraska.[21]

Notes

a. School Board Journal of February, 1905, notes: "Nebraska...Exeter--8-room, $8,000 parochial school planned by Archt. J. H. Craddock, Lincoln."[29]

b. The Nebraska Building was a joint project of Craddock and John McDonald, Omaha.[38:160]

  • Portrait, 1885, in Nebraskans, 1854-1904. Omaha: Bee Publishing Co., 1904 [978.2.B39n]

References

1. Lincoln Trade Review 1:5 (1902), 5.

2. Lincoln Trade Review 1:42 (1903), 3.

3. Lincoln Trade Review 1:43 (1903), 3.

4. Lincoln Trade Review 1:51 (1903), 4.

5. Lincoln Trade Review 2:3 (1903), 3.

6. Lincoln Trade Review 2:4 (1903), 3. (cf. Chapman Furniture)

7. Lincoln Trade Review 1:1 (1902), cover.

8. Lincoln Trade Review 1:7 (1902), 4.

9. Lincoln Trade Review 1:8 (1902), 4. (award contracts)

10. Lincoln Trade Review 1:24 (1902), 3. (contract for plans; 3 story brick building, 30x84)

11. Lincoln Trade Review 1:24 (1902), 3-4. (plans in hand)

12. Lincoln Trade Review 1:36 (1903), 3. (general contract, $10,000)

13. Lincoln Trade Review 1:39 (1903), 9. (general contract, $12,827)

14. Lincoln Trade Review 1:41 (1903), 3. (addition, elevation, and mechanical work)

15. Dejiny Cechu v Americkych, 6:4 ( ), 269-270.

16. Diamond Jubilee of the Church of the Visitation at O'Connor, Nebraska, 1880-1905, July 4, 1955. (file GY00-001)

17. State Library Commission, Buildings & architects files.

18. Minden Courier (May 10, 1883).

19. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

20. City of Omaha Planning Department, Landmarks Heritage Preservation Commission, Database, Query on Architects, May 20, 2002; courtesy of Lynn Meyer, Preservation Planner

21. Tom Kaspar, comp. Inventory of architectural records in the archives of Davis Fenton Stange Darling, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska. 1996. Nebraska State Historical Society, RG3748, Box 16.

22. The American Contractor (March 23, 1918), 60, accessed through Google Books, January 12, 2012 (This is a fireproof building of brick, terracotta, and concrete; four storeys with a basement, measuring 89 by 139 feet.) http://books.google.com/books?id=UCJYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA10-PA64&lpg=RA10-PA64&dq=f+w+clarke,+architect,+york+hotel,+nebraska&source=bl&ots=-QV--qNAlx&sig=yQZ--Gvu9ph8VGJ7unfHB-6P9QU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=whYPT97eOov9iQLF9M3fDQ&sqi=2&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=f%20w%20clarke%2C%20architect%2C%20york%20hotel%2C%20nebraska&f=false

23. 1900 United States Census, s.v. “James H. Craddock,” Lincoln, Lancaster County, Nebraska, accessed through HeritageQuestOnline.com.

24. 1910 United States Census, s.v. “James H. Craddock,” Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska, accessed through HeritageQuestOnline.com.

25. Omaha: The Gate City and Douglas County, Nebraska. Vol. II. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1917, 254.

26. “James H. Craddock Dies: Was Well-known Architect and Important Early Day Political Figure,” Morning World Herald (March 17, 1932).

27. Richard L. Metcalfe, “Jim Craddock: A Helper of Men,” Morning World Herald (March 17, 1932).

28. The Royal Highlander VI:10 (April 1902): 5.

29. School Board Journal (February 1905), 28.

30. School Board Journal (April 1907), 27.

31. School Board Journal (December 1910), 32.

32. School Board Journal (May 1910), 31.

33. School Board Journal (July 1910), 36.

34. School Board Journal (June 1911), 45.

35. School Board Journal (July 1911), 50.

36. School Board Journal (August 1911), 42.

37. School Board Journal (March 1911), 53.

38. James B. Haynes, History of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition of 1898 ([Omaha]: Committee on History, 1910), 160.

39. “Proposals to Mr. G. L. Shumway, Land Commissioner on Panel Equipment for Concrete Swine Building,” compiled from plans prepared by James H. Craddock & Company, Omaha, Nebraska (November 5, 1917). Keystone Steel & Wire Company, Peoria, Illinois.

40. "Omaha, Nebraska," American Contractor 32:21 (May 27, 1911): 63.

41. The addition was to Edward's father's original house, built in 1886 by Joel Cornish. "Alterations and Addition To Residence of E. J. Cornish, Esq., SW Cor. 10th & Williams Sts. J H Craddock, Architect, Omaha, Nebr.," copies of plans on file, Restoration Exchange Omaha (REO), Omaha, Nebraska. The date is based upon articles concerning the work, including “Purely Personal,” Omaha World-Herald (September 16, 1909): 3, and “Year of King Ak-Sar-Ben XIV Shows Wonderful Progress,” Omaha Daily Bee, “Automobile Section,” (September 26, 1909): 3. Research courtesy of Patrick Thompson, architectural historian, Restoration Exchange Omaha, submitted April 10-11, 2017.

42. "Craddock & Woods, Architects," Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening Call (May 4, 1889), 8; "Notice of Dissolution," Daily News (December 23, 1889), 4.

43. "Built by a Master Hand. The Tasteful Design and Substantial Construction of a Lincoln Residence," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (September 1, 1886), 8.

44. J. H. Craddock, "St. Patrick; RC Church at O'Neill," Interior Blueprint, 1910. In NSHS file.

Acknowledgements

The editors thank Patrick Thompson, architectural historian with Restoration Exchange Omaha (REO), for additional project attributions and citations, February 13, 2017, and April 10-11, 2017.

Page Citation

D. Murphy & E. F. Zimmer, “James Henry Craddock (1856-1932), Architect,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, January 27, 2018. http://www.e-nebraskahistory.org/index.php?title=Place_Makers_of_Nebraska:_The_Architects Accessed, June 1, 2020.


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