Alfred Wilderman Woods (1857-1942), Architect

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Lincoln, Nebraska, 1885-1933


Alfred Wilderman Woods was born January 30, 1857 at St. Clair County, Illinois, the sixth son of Robert and Elizabeth Short Woods.[2] His father was a farmer. Alfred was educated at Musselmans Business College in Quincy, Illinois; studied architecture at Quincy, Illinois, 1881-82, and practiced at Lincoln, Nebraska, 1885 to 1933. Woods married Haidee Finney in Lincoln on December 30, 1885; they had two sons and four daughters. Woods specialized in church design, having planned more than 100 of them. While many are in Nebraska, an even greater number are in other states, including Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin.[1][14] He is also credited with several inventions: the "Key to the Steel Square" (similar to a slide rule), 1902, to aid carpenters for cuts on rafters, etc,[1][8] and the Standard Foot Decimal Scale, in 1921.[14] Albert W. Woods died December 29, 1942, and was survived by his wife and five of their six children.[1][13]


This page is a contribution to the publication, Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. See the format and contents page for more information on the compilation and page organization.

DW03-089_8706-07-29_11w.jpg
Sparks Hall, 1913-1914 (J. Gilkerson)


Compiled Nebraska Directory Listings

Lincoln, Nebraska, 1886, 1887, 1900-06, 1913-17, 1920, 1922, 1924-31

Educational & Professional Associations

1878-1879: student, Musselman’s Business College, Quincy, Illinois.[13][14]

1881-1882: practiced architecture, Quincy, Illinois.[13][bj]

1884-1885: penmanship teacher at Lincoln Business College.[14]

1886: draftsman for Artemas Roberts, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1887-1903: architect and partner, Roberts & Woods, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1889: architect and partner, Craddock & Woods, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.[128]

1892-1894: professor of architectural drawing, Nebraska Wesleyan University, University Place (now Lincoln), Nebraska.[118]

1903: architect and partner, Woods & Shaffer, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1904-1906: architect, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1906: Reba Pim, stenographer for Woods and for Woods & Cordner, Architects, published a design for a six-room cottage in American Carpenter and Builder.[130]

1906-1912: architect and partner, Woods & Cordner, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1912-1917: architect, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1915: Eugene H. Brandt, architect in office of A. W. Woods.[125]

1917-1918: architect and partner, Woods & Anderson, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.

1918-1933: architect, Lincoln, Nebraska.[14]

Buildings & Projects

1887-1903

Alfred Woods was listed in the 1886 Lincoln city directory as a draftsman for architect Artemas Roberts, and the next year was in partnership with the experienced architect as Roberts & Woods. The partnership began in a period of rapid growth for Nebraska's capital city and endured through the sharp economic downturn and Lincoln's population decline of the mid-1890s. Woods was also employed by Nebraska Wesleyan University as a professor of drawing from 1892 until 1894, when the Haish Manual Training School in which he taught burned.[118] In 1894 he also began his publishing career, authoring Square Root Delineator.[14] With six children to support, Woods also worked as a clerk for a bookseller in the lean years of the mid-1890s.[as] The partners' practice was broad and included churches, residences, and especially commercial buildings, mostly in Lincoln but also elsewhere in Nebraska and Wyoming. The Roberts & Woods partnership dissolved around 1903 as Roberts approached semi-retirement and eventually relocated to Florida. The partners' projects are detailed under Roberts & Woods, Architects, with attention to whether one or the other appears to have taken the principal design role in various commissions.[bg]

Design for Nebraska State Building at Columbian World's Fair (1892).[129][bq]

Irma Hotel for "Buffalo Bill" Cody (1902), Cody, Wyoming.[121][122][124][bl][bm][bo]

Plans for addition to Irma Hotel (1902), Cody, Wyoming.[123][bn]

Foundation and basement church for First Methodist Episcopal Church (1902-1903), University Place (now part of Lincoln), Nebraska.[127][bp]

1903

In 1903, Woods and George W. Shaffer together designed a pair of buildings for the University of Nebraska's agricultural campus, although funding issues delayed construction of one of the buildings until 1908. No other works are currently known to have been produced by them in partnership. See Woods & Shaffer, Architects for their joint work.

1904-1906

Woods alternated between independent practice and partnerships for the rest of his career, with his first years as a solo practitioner occurring in 1904-1906. In 1905 he also began a two-decade association with American Carpenter and Builder magazine as an associate editor and frequent contributor, and in 1906 started a similar connection with Cement World magazine.

Dr. Everett B. Finney House (1905), 2315 S 17th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[11][d]

Methodist Episcopal Church (1905-1906), 1205 L St, Auburn, Nebraska.[10][bf]

Brick factory for Gillen & Boney Candy Company (1906), 209-233 N 8th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[12][h] (LC13:C09-086)

1906-1912

In 1906 Woods entered into a highly productive partnership with John G. Cordner that lasted a half-dozen years but resulted in dozens of residences and commercial buildings in Lincoln and several churches across Nebraska. See Woods & Cordner, Architects for their projects.

1912-1917

In another stint of solo practice, Woods' commissions continued to include commercial, residential, and public buildings, but his focus on church design sharpened, with ecclesiastic commissions for a range of denominations from Texas to Pennsylvania as well as throughout Nebraska. In 1915 he advertised nationally "Let me design your CHURCHES I CAN SAVE YOU MONEY." Also in the 1915 edition of the Lincoln City Directory, Eugene H. Brandt was listed that single year as an architect in Woods' office. [98][125]

Saint Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church (1913), Saint Joseph, Missouri.[18][f]

Frame residence for Fred J. Veith (1913), 1505 S 11th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[99]

Remodeling C. F. McCain residence (1913), 1418 C St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[19]

New front and interior for Fred. Schmidt & Brothers store (1913), 917-921 O St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[20][100]

Picture Show, with Store Rooms in front, for Don L. Love (1913), 1511-1515 O St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[32][33][i]

Brick & stucco residence for Emma North (1913), 1927 South St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[101]

Women's Dormitory - Sparks Hall (1913-1914), Chadron State College, Chadron, Nebraska.[9][21][g] (DW03-089)

School (1913), Grant, Nebraska.[34][j]

Produce building for Sam Shostak (l913), 217 S 9th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[35][102

Garage for W. H. Mathews (1913), 1015 N St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[36][37]

Machine shop/garage for Nicholas Ress (1913), 221-223 S 9th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[38][39]

Lutheran Church (1914), Dawson, Minnesota.[16][c]

Mission Baptist Church (1914), Ava, Missouri.[40][k]

Dr. A. L. Hoover House (1914), 2718 Sumner St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[103][bh]

Congregational Church (1914), Utica, Michigan.[41][l]

Methodist Episcopal Church (1914), Orick, Missouri.[42][m]

Methodist Episcopal Church (1914), Caldwell, Kansas.[43][n]

Methodist Episcopal Church (1914), Elmwood, Nebraska.[44][o]

Woods Bros. Silo & Mfg. Co. Office Building (1914), 719 P St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[45][46][p]

School (1914), Unadilla, Nebraska.[47][q]

Methodist Episcopal Church (1914), Clarence, Missouri.[48][r]

Presbyterian Church (1914), Paris, Tennessee.[17][51][e]

Baptist Church (1914), Henrietta, Texas.[49][s]

Hague Lutheran Church (1914), Madison, Minnesota.[17][50][t]

Lutheran Church (1914), Ismay, Montana.[53][v]

First Congregational Church (1914-1915), Beatrice, Nebraska.[54][96][w]

Remodeling Store Building for S. M. Fogelson (1914), 940 P St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[55][104]

Plymouth Congregational Church (1914-1915), 1640 A St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][24][52][106][u]

Remodel and addition for a Temporary Post Office (1915), 10th & N Sts, Lincoln, Nebraska.[56][105][x]

Presbyterian Church (1915), Prairie Home, Nebraska.[57][y]

First Congregational Church (1915), Beatrice, Nebraska.[58][z]

Remodeling and two-story addition to Barkley (office) Building (1915), 1144 O St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[23][59][ah]

Brick business building for C. A. Tucker (1914), 1123 O St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[107]

Methodist Church (1915-1916), Greenwood, Nebraska.[60][aa]

United Presbyterian Church (1915), Hepburn, Iowa.[61][ab]

First Presbyterian Church (1915), McLeansboro, Illinois.[62][ac]

First Congregational Church (1915), Burwell, Nebraska.[63][97[ad]

Residence for Mrs. Mary Blockwitz (1915), 1509 E St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[64][67][ae]

Remodel commercial building for Samuel J. Bell (1915), 201 S 11th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[108]

First Baptist Church (1916), McDonald, Pennsylvania.[65][af]

Christian Church (1916), Polo, Missouri.[66][ag]

Remodel store into garage for McDonald estate (1916), 10th & O Sts, Lincoln, Nebraska.[68][ai]

Apartment house (12 units) for E. J. Sias (1916), 1325-29 H St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[69][70][aj]

Design for a Methodist Church (1916-1917), Kingfisher, Oklahoma.[71][ak]

Residence for Lawrence Wentz (1916), Lincoln, Nebraska.[72][al]

Methodist Episcopal Church (1916), Protection, Kansas.[73][am]

Evangelical Church (1916), Billingsville, Missouri.[74][an]

Adding a story to a warehouse for H. J. Hall (1916), 1518-1520 Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.[76][77][ap]

Lutheran Church (1916), Dodge, South Dakota.[78][aq]

African Methodist Episcopal Church (1916), Malvern, Arkansas.[79][ar]

Butternut Bread Bakery (1916), 1001-1005 L St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[25][81][at]

German Congregational Salem Church (1916), 901 Charleston St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][26][75][ao]

Roman Catholic Parsonage (1916), Wymore, Nebraska.[82][au]

School addition and remodeling (1916), Diller, Nebraska.[83][av]

Congregational Parsonage (1916), Fairmont, Nebraska.[84][aw]

School (1916), Hepburn, Iowa.[85][ax]

Garage for Weiler Packing Company (1916), 1023-1025 Q St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[86][109]

Garage for L. E. Evans (1916), 1645 D St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[110]

Hotel and restaurant for Tiernan Bros. (1916), 228-234 N 7th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[111]

Factory and Salesroom for H. J. Hall (1917), 1510 N Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.[87][88][ay]

United Brethren Church (1917), 5th & Cloud Streets, Scandia, Kansas.[89][az]

St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church (1917), Dickinson, North Dakota.[90][ba]

1917-1918

Woods' final partnership was perhaps shortened by a downturn in construction during the Great War. The partnership commenced in April 1917 and ceased by April 1918. See Woods & Anderson, Architects for details on the partnership and on the joint projects of A. W. Woods and Sten T. Anderson.

1918-1933

For the final fifteen years of his professional work until his retirement in 1933, Woods operated as a solo practitioner.

Telephone Building (1918), Staplehurst, Nebraska.[91][bb]

Storefront remodeling and addition for Williams & Frye (1918), 1332-1338 O St, Lincoln, NE.[114][115]

Commission house for C. Mozer (1918), 440 S 11th St, Lincoln, NE.[116]

Elm Park Methodist Church (1918), 2900 Randolph St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][3][4]

First German Congregational Church (1920), 100 W F St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][7]

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co. remodel (1921), 1218-1222 P St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[22] (LC13:C09-118)

School (1921), Wagner, South Dakota.[92][bc]

Methodist Episcopal Church (1921), Benton & Washington Sts, Almena, Kansas.[93][bd]

Design for a residence for Carl Rohman (1922), Lincoln, Nebraska.[94][95][be]

Brick bungalow for Dr. E. B. Finney (1922), 2110 Ryons St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[15]

Tabernacle Christian Church (1922), 2026 S 22nd St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[80][bk]

School for Trinity Lutheran Church (1922), 1310 H St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[117]

Calvary Evangelical Church (1923), 1610 S 11th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][6]

Alex Wekesser House (1925), 1020 S 19th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[113] (LC13:D07-255)

Dailey Apartments (1925), 828 S 16th St, Lincoln, Nebraska. (LC13:D07-009)

St. Paul's Evangelical Church, 13th & F St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[126] (LC13:C07-007)

Quinn Chapel AME Church addition and remodel (1926), 845 C St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[27]

McAnulty house (1926), 3060 Sheridan Blvd, Lincoln, Nebraska.[28] (LC13:E05-61)

Welfare Society Hall (1927), 1430 N 10th St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[29]

Ebenezer Church (1927), 805 B St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[30][br]

St. Johns Evangelical Lutheran Church (1927), 1324 New Hampshire St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[31]


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Publications

Associate editor, American Carpenter & Builder, 1905-1920s.[13][14][119][bi]

Associate editor, Cement World, 1906-1916.[14]

Author, Square Root Delineator, 1894.[14]

Author, Key to the Steel Square, 1902.[14]

Author, Master Key to the Steel Square, 1933.[14]

Assistant Editor, The Steel Square and its Uses Two vols. (New York: Industrial Publication Co., 1907).[14][a]

Author and Collaborator, Radford’s Cyclopedia of Construction, Carpentry, Building, and Architecture. Twelve vols. (Chicago: Radford Architectural Company, 1909).[14][b]

Notes

a. The Steel Square publication was under the editorial supervision of William A. Radford, and is online through the Hathi Trust website. Accessed January 11, 2016. http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433066371331;view=1up;seq=11 Alfred Woods is described on the title page as "The World's Greatest Expert with the Steel Square."

b. The Cyclopedia is online at archive.org, Accessed January 11, 2016. https://archive.org/details/radfordscycloped06johnuoft . Also see the Radford Architectural Company.

c. American Contractor of April 4, 1914 lists "Dawson, Minn.--Church: 75x65. $16,000. Dawson. Arch. A. W. Woods...Owner Hagis Etherian Lutheran Church, Dawson, will take bids at once." Also "Press & common brick, native stone trim, shingle roof, galv. iron cornice, archt. iron, terra cotta." Bidding procedures were detailed on April 18, 1914, noting plans were available in Dawson, Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Lincoln.[16]

d. Woods married Haidee Finney in 1885; Dr. Everett B. Finney was her brother. Woods published the design for the first of two houses he designed for Dr. Finney in the November 1905 edition of American Carpenter and Builder, including a description, photograph, and two floor plans. Woods had become an associate editor of American Carpenter and Builder in 1905 and this was the first of his own building designs published in that magazine, although he had already published several articles on "The Steel Square and Its Possibilities," beginning in April 1905.[11]

e. American Contractor reported on August 1, 1914 that Woods was designing "Secular Church (seating 400): $20M. Paris, Tenn. In the next edition (August 8, 1914), the Paris church society was identified as Presbyterian in an entry which concludes: "Note correction in owner." The September 5, 1914 edition read: "Church (seating 400): $20M. Paris, Tenn. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner Presby. Church Society, Otto Hanni, secy., Paris. Plans near completion. Press & common brk. veneer, Bedford stone, comp. rf., galv. iron cornice, struct, & orn. iron." The magazine reported on October 10, 1914: "Plans in hands of owner, who will probably do work by day labor."[17][51]

f. American Contractor of April 5, 1913 notes: "St. Joseph, Mo.--Church" 59 1/2 x 40. $15,000. St. Joseph. Archt. A. W. Woods..." The same edition also notes the church address as "Highland av. & Savannah st. St. Joseph." Further details provided include: "Buff & vitrified brick, Carthage marble, Bedford stone trim, composition roof, struct. iron, oak & pine finish, pine, cement & tile floors, tile, gas & electric fixtures." On June 28, 1913, the location was specified as "Highland av. & Savannah st." Contracts, were let, then (August 30, 1913) it was announced the contractor had been released and the work delayed until spring.[18]

g. American Contractor in July 5, 1913 lists A. W. Woods as architect for the "Girls' Dormitory" at the state normal school in Chadron, Nebraska. The status is described as "Plans in progress" for a two-story, 38'x 88', $20,000 building, detailed as "Vitrified brick & reinforced concrete, pine finish, pine, concrete & cement floors, electric fixtures." The edition of August 23, 1913, announces "Bids will be received until Sept. 2." By September 27th, the magazine states "Entire contract let to F. E. Mullholen, Rapid City, S. Dak. Work will start at once."[21]

This building has also been attributed to architect Arthur Dixon Baker, who practiced in Omaha, Gering, and Grand Island. Baker also had a brief stint in California which coincides with the construction of the Chadron dormitory. Woods' connection is amply documented. Baker designed another women's dormitory on the same campus in 1932 and the mis-attribution probably arose from that.

h. This brick factory consisting of basement and three stories was estimated to cost $28,000 to construct. It occupied two-thirds of the site of the four-story Clarke Building of 1887, being the portion destroyed by fire in 1895. The southern third of the building survived the fire. Gillen & Boney Candy Company in-filled the destroyed portion in 1906, then added a fourth floor in 1918, and finally remodeled the exterior of the 1887 remainder to coordinate with the twentieth century additions. Woods' drawings accompanying the June 1906 building permit for this project carefully detail the heavy-timber, "slow-burn" structure of the building. They are inscribed "A. W. Woods, Arch't," without mention of John Cordner. By September 1906, the new partnership of Woods & Cordner designed a reinforced concrete warehouse in the same district. See the Register nomination for the Lincoln Haymarket Historic District.[12]

i. American Contractor refers to this project as a $10,000 effort, and mentions contracts being issued and brick work begun. The City of Lincoln building permit refers only to a $2,000 brick addition, seemingly only part of a larger project.[32][33]

j. American Contractor of July 5, 1913 describes the Grant school as "2 sty. & bas. 45x50. $10,000....Plans completed...Vitrified brick & Bedford stone trim, wood shingle roof, pin finish, pine & cement floors."[34]

k. American Contractor of April 4, 1914 lists "Ava, Mo.--Church: 1 sty. & bas. $2,500. Ava. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner Mission Baptist Church..." Also "Frame siding, slag roof."[40]

l. American Contractor of May 2, 1914 describes "Preliminary plans in progress" for "Utica, Mich.--Church 1 sty. & bas. 28x40. $4,800. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner Congreg. Church, Utica." Details include "Press & common brick veneer, shingle roof, galv. iron cornice, archt. iron."[41]

m. American Contractor of May 2, 1914 promises "Details later" and "Preliminary plans in progress" for "Orick, Mo.--Church: 2 sty. & bas. 38x60. $6,000. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner M. E. Church, South Orick." By June 13, 1914, the church is "taking bids" and details are added: "Press & common brk. veneer, shingle rf., galv. iron cornice." August 1, 1914, notes mentioned "Will take bids to August 10. Plans revised."[42]

n. American Contractor of May 2, 1914 lists "Caldwell, Kans.--Church: 1 sty. & bas. 50x70. $15,000. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner M. E. Church, Caldwell. Preliminary plans in progress. Press brick and stone, shingle roof, orn. iron; details later." Listings in the May 30,1914 edition mention "Note change in archts." but Woods is still the only architect listed. The edition of October 31, 1914 notes that contracts were let, on a day labor basis.[43]

o. American Contractor of May 2, 1914 notes "Preliminary plans in progress" for "Church: 1 sty. & bas. 40x60. $10,000. Elmwood, Nebr. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner M. E. Church...Archt. taking bids. Press & common brick, stone trim, galv. iron cornice, struct. & archt. iron." In June the magazine noted that the contract was let to Geo. E. Tobin of Lincoln.[44]

p. American Contractor of May 2, 1914 lists an "Office & Store Bldg." at 719 P St. in Lincoln, for "Owners & occupants Woods Bros. Co." for an estimated $10,000.[45] The building is now (2016) "Burkholder Project" art studios and galleries in Haymarket Historic District.

q. American Contractor of June 13, 1914 identifies Woods as architect for "Unadilla, Nebr.--School: 2 sty. & bas. 36x63. $12M...Plans in progress." The church was planned to seat 250 and would utilize "Press & common brk., veneer, galv. iron cornice." On August 1, 1914, the magazine indicated J. J. Cameron of Lincoln was the general contractor.[47]

r. American Contractor of June 13, 1914 notes an $8,000 Methodist Church designed by Woods for Clarence, Missouri. It was also noted about the project it will "Will probably build by day labor" and utilize "Brk. Stone trim, comp. rf., galv. iron cornice." The edition of September 12, 1914 notes that the Clarence church would be "Postponed for abt. 1 year." [48]

s. American Contractor of August 1, 1914 includes "Baptist Church (seating 350): $16M, Henrietta, Texas. Archt. A. W. Woods...Plans will be out by Aug. 10. Press & common brk., comp. rf., metal cornice, struct., orn. & archt. iron." The edition of October 17, 1914 notes: "Revised plans completed." On November 21, 1914, American Contractor noted the general contract had been let.[49]

t. American Contractor of August 1, 1914 mentions "Hague Luth. Church (seating 400): $19M. Madison, Minn. Archt. A. W. Woods. Owners Hague Luth. Church...Prelim. plans in progress. Shingle rf., metal cornice, struct., orn. & archt. iron, press & common brick." The December 12, 1914 edition notes that the contract had been let.[50]

u. American Contractor of September 5, 1914 lists a 1000-seat church in Lincoln designed by Woods for Plymouth Congregational Church, described as "2 sty. & bas. 85x90. $30M. 17th & A. ...Plans being revised. Will resubmit soon. Press & common brk., Bedford stone trim, compl. rf., cut stone cornice, struct. & orn. iron, Wilson or equal rolling partitions." Another entry in the same edition added: "...will soon receive new bids." The September 19, 1914 edition indicates the project would be "Postponed until spring," but a note in the December 12, 1914 edition declares "Archt. will take bids up to 12 m., Dec. 28," which was corrected in the December 19th magazine to December 26th at noon. On January 9, 1915, American Contactor noted the contract was let to Olson Construction Co. The building permit was not issued until April of 1915.[52][106]

v. American Contractor of September 12, 1914 lists: (Church (seating 150): 1 sty. & bas. 88x40. $5M. Ismay, Mont. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner Luth. Church, Ismay, taking bids. Press & common brk. veneer, Bedford stone trim, galv. iron cornice, struct., orn. & archt. iron."[53]

w. American Contractor of October 10, 1914 notes "Sketches made" for a $15,000 Congregational church for Beatrice, Nebraska, described as "...(seating 350). 2 sty. & bas. 54x66....Brk. & stone trim, comp. rf., galv. iron cornice, struct., orn. & archt. iron." This project may have been in abeyance over the winter of 1914-1915, as it does not seem to receive further mention until the edition of June 5, 1915, which indicates "Beatrice, Nebr.--Church: 2 sty. & bas. 50x70. $15M. Archt. A. W. Woods....Owner Congr. Church, J. E. Jones, pres. bldg. com., Beatrice, will soon take bids. Brk. & stone trim, shingle rf., stone cornice, struct. & archt. iron." On July 17, 1915, the estimated cost increased to $16,000 and it was noted "Archt. will take bids to July 20." On July 31, an extension of the bidding period was noted. Finally the August 21, 1915 edition notes: "Gen. contr. let to E. M. Atterberry, Beatrice." A photograph of the finished church, with two floor plans and a description, is provided in American Carpenter and Builder of August 1916.[54][96]

x. American Contractor of March 13, 1915 describes "Temporary Post Office (rem. & add.): 1 sty. 30x142. $10,000. Archt. A. W. Woods, 109 S. tenth st. Owner H. W. Mathews, Ninth & O sts. Lessee Federal Government, F. W. Brown, postmaster. Bldr. W. B. Hester, Lincoln. Will build by day labor. Wk. to commence at once. Press & common brk., comp. rf., 6 metal skylights, galv. iron cornice, struct. iron." The building permit for this project estimated the cost at $6,000 and listed the address as 1019 N. [56][105] In 1915 the U. S. Courthouse & Post Office at 10th & P Streets in Lincoln was undergoing remodeling and expansion.

y. American Contractor of April 24, 1915 notes "Sketches made" for a $5,000 frame church for Prairie Home, Nebraska, intended to seat 400.[57]

z. American Contactor of June 12, 1915 identifies as second commission to Woods for a Beatrice Congregational group, at double the cost of the church described in Note w: "Beatrice, Nebr.--Church: 1 sty. & bas. 50x65. $32M. Archt. A. W. Woods....Owner First Congr. Church, Robta. Pease, chm. bldg. com....Archt. will take bids to July 20." Brk. & stone trim, shingle rf., stone cornice, struct. & archt. iron." On July 17, 1915, the estimated cost increased to $16,000 and it was noted "Archt. will take bids to July 20. Brk. & stone, comp. rf., metal cornice, struct. iron." [58]

aa. American Contractor of July 17, 1915 mentions an $8,000 Methodist church for Greenwood, Nebraska, described as "1 sty. & bas...Brk. veneer, shingle rf., galv. iron cornice, struct. iron." Almost a year later,American Contractor of May 27, 1916 lists the letting of the contract to Anderson & Son of Waverly, Nebraska.[60]

ab. American Contractor of July 24, 1915 notes "Plans in progress" for a United Presbyterian church in Hepburn, Iowa, to be "1 sty. & bas. 46x42. $4,500....Frame, shingle rf., brk. & conc. fdn." The letting of the general contract is noted in the edition of September 4, 1915.[61]

ac. American Contractor of August 28, 1915 lists a Woods commission for First Presbyterian Church of McLeansboro, Illinois. The estimated cost of construction was $8,000 for a 40' by 50' building, described September 11, 1915 as "Brk. veneer, comp. rf., galv. iron cornice, struct. iron."[62]

ad. American Contractor of August 28, 1915 mentions a Christian Church for Burwell, Nebraska, estimated at $10,000 for a 38' x 70' building, of "Press & common brk., stone, shingle rf., galv. cornice. American Carpenter and Builder published a photograph of the finished church and a floor plan in December 1916, as "First Congregational Church," noting "The cost ready to use, we are told, was in the neighborhood of fifteen thousand dollars."[63][97] Early postcard views of the church confirm the Congregational identification.

ae. American Contractor of September 4, 1915 includes "Res.: 2 1/2 sty. & bas. 28x40. $7M. 1509 E st. Archt. A. W. Woods...Bldr. H. W. Craig...Fdn. completed. Brk. veneer."[64]

af. American Contractor of January 1, 1916 lists a $12,000 Baptist church for McDonald, Pennsylvania, with "Plans in progress" for a single-story building measuring 39 feet by 76 feet and featuring brick veneer and a galvanized iron cornice.[65]

ag. American Contractor of January 1, 1916 includes a $9,000 Christian church in Polo, Missouri, to measure 40x68 feet and featuring brick veneer, a shingled roof, and a galvanized iron cornice. Woods' office address is listed as 109 S. 10th St., Lincoln.[66]

ah. Woods, in his earlier partnership as Woods & Cordner, Architects, had designed the original three stories of this building at 12th & O Streets in Lincoln in 1909. The added two floors were estimated to cost $15,000 to construct. Woods relocated his office into Room 506 (presumably on the top, fifth floor) of the N. 12th Street building early in 1916, moving from his long-time location at 109 South 10th Street. He presumably was displaced by the 1916 construction of the Terminal Building at 10th & O Streets in 1916.

ai. American Contractor of January 15, 1916 lists: "Lincoln, Nebr.--Garage (rem. from store bldg.): $15,000. 2 sty & bas. 50x142. Archt. A. W. Woods, 506 Ganter bldg. Owner: McDonald Estate, Paul H. Holm, administrator. Tenth & O st. Gen. contr. let to the Olson Constr. Co., Chapin bldg."[68]

aj. American Contractor of January 15, 1916 lists: "Apt. Bldg. (12 apts.): $15,000. 3 sty. & bas. 36x60. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner's name withheld. Gen. contr. let to Chas. D. Woods." A Lincoln building permit issued in April 1916 for an apartment house designed by Woods identifies E. J. Sias as the owner, with the cost estimate doubled to $30,000.[69][70]

ak. American Contractor of March 4, 1916 lists: "Kingfisher, Okla.--Church: $20,000. 2 sty. & bas. 60x66. Archt. A. W. Woods...Plans in progress. Brk. & tile, stone trim, comp. rf., stone cornice, struct. iron." Over a year later, the magazine announced on July 1, 1917: "Bids rejected." At that time, Woods was practicing in partnership with Sten T. Anderson and the Woods & Anderson firm was cited in 1917, although the project began the year before under Woods alone.[71] First United Methodist Church at 102 S. Main Street in Kingfisher is strongly suggestive of a Woods church design of the 1910s, so it seems probable that the project was carried through to completion.

al. American Contractor of March 4, 1916 lists: "Res.: $4,000. 1 1/2 sty. & bas. 50x29. Archt. A. W. Woods...Owner Lawrence Wentz...Plans in progress. Brk. veneer & Stucco, stone trim, shingle rf." The edition of April 22, 1916 indicates the contract was let to Nels. Olsen.[72]

am. American Contractor of April 1, 1916 includes a Methodist church for Protection, Kansas described as one story and basement, of brick with stone trim and a composition roof. The estimated cost was first listed as $10,000. On May 4, 1916, the magazine announces that contracts had been let, with the estimated cost increased to $13,000. A second, adjacent listing in the latter edition mentions a two-story Methodist church, for an estimated $15,000, with the same general and plumbing contractors as the $13,000 church. That single entry is the only mention of two Woods projects in Protection and it seems more likely an erroneouse listing than a second, separate, simultaneous Methodist commission for Woods in Protection.[73]

an. American Contractor of April 8, 1916 lists an Evangelical church for Billingsville, Missouri to cost $6,000 and to be of frame construction.[74]

ao. American Contractor of April 8, 1916 lists a German Congregational Church for Rev. Herzog, to be built for $10,000 at 9th & Z Streets. Some later entries mention 9th & Q Sts, but otherwise strongly suggest they pertain to the same project. The edition of May 20, 1916 notes the contract had been let to W. J. Assenmacher & Co. of Lincoln. The building permit provides that address as 901 Z and the estimated cost as $8750). The church still (2016) stands a century after its construction, at 9th and Charleston (renamed from "Z") Streets in the North Bottoms neighborhood of Lincoln.[1][26][75]

ap. American Contractor of May 6, 1916 mentions this project as a $4,000 "add. of 1 sty." to a warehouse for H. J. Hall, Lincoln. The corresponding building permit references adding a third story at 1518-1520 O Street. On May 20, 1916, the magazine noted that the addition measured 24 feet by 142 feet, and the general contract had been let to. G. W. Gooden.[76][77] In 1910 Woods & Cordner, Architects had designed 1524-1528 O Street for Mr. Hall.

aq. American Contractor of May 27, 1916 lists a $3,000 Lutheran Church in Dodge, South Dakota, to seat 125. The building would be frame, with a shingle roof, and a brick and concrete foundation.[78]

ar. American Contractor of May 27, 1916 also lists a $16,000 brick and stone church for an African Methodist Episcopal congregation in Malvern, Arkansas.[79] The church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004, then demolished and delisted in 2013.

as. Lincoln City Directories list Woods as a clerk for F. A. Powell, a bookseller, in 1894 and again in 1896.

at. American Contractor of May 27, 1916 mentions a $14,000 bakery for Buttnernut Bread Co. to be built in Lincoln, measuring 50x90 feet. The associated City of Lincoln Building permit specifies the location as 1001-1005 L Street (although the magazine lists 9th & Q).[25][81]

au. American Contractor of July 1, 1916 lists a $7,000 parsonage for the Roman Catholic church in Wymore, Nebraska, described as 2 stories, with a basement, 40x30 feet, of "Frame & stucco, shingle rf., 1 mantel, brk. & conc. fdn." The August 12, 1916 edition notes "Will build by day labor."[82]

av. American Contractor of July 22, 1916 includes a Woods-designed addition and remodeling for a school in Diller, Nebraska, estimated to cost $3,500.[83]

aw. American Contractor of July 22, 1916 mentions a Congregational parsonage for Fairmont, Nebraska, to be built of frame with a shingle roof and a brick and concrete foundation. The cost is estimated at $4,000 for the two-story, 32x28 foot building.[84]

ax. American Contractor of August 12, 1916 begins a long series of listings of a $4,500 school for Hepburn, Iowa. Woods designed a Presbyterian church for that community in 1915. The school was described as a single story with a basement, 32x42 feet, to be of frame with a shingle roof. The August 26, 1916 edition mentions "Taking bids," with a deadline set as September 10th in the September 2, 1916 edition of the publication. The September 30th issue notes the "Date for letting extended to Oct. 3."[85]

ay. American Contractor of January 27, 1917 provides the first mention of this project estimated to cost $16,000, consisting of two stories over a basement, measuring 40x142 feet, and built of "Pressed & common brk & art cut stone trim, struct. iron." The February 17, 1917 edition notes that the general contract was let to W. G. Fullagar. The associated City of Llncoln Building Permit specifies the address of 1510 N and estimates the cost at $14,000.[86][87]

az. American Contractor of February 17, 1917 announces "Prelim. sketches made" for a $6,000 United Brethren church in Scandia, Kansas. By February 24th, "Plans completed" is announced and the project is described as 36x50 feet, of "Brk., shingle rf., Portland cement. Bedford or equal cut stone."[89]

ba. American Contractor of March 17, 1917 notes that a contract had been let for construction of a $15,000, 46x71 foot church for St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal congregation.[90]

bb. American Contractor of April 13, 1918 lists "Telephone Bldg.: $4,879. 2 Sty. & bas. 22x38. Staplehurst, Nebr. Arch. A. W. Woods...Owner Staplehurst Telephone Co...Bldr. Deidtrich Doehrmann, Staplehurst. Brk. & Bedford stone, comp. rfg. Abt. to start work."[91] This may be the building that stands at 340 A Street in Staplehurst.

bc. American Contractor of April 2, 1921 describes this project as a $25,000 school consisting of two stories and a basement, with "Plans drawn; fig. being received."[92]

bd. American Contractor of April 2, 1921 describes a one-story Methodist Episcopal church estimated to cost $18,000.[93]

be. American Contractor of April 1, 1922 lists a $30,000 residence, 2 stories and a basement, measuring 30 feet by 50 feet, for Carl Rohman of Lincoln. Blueprints for this project (at Lincoln/Lancaster County Planning Dept.) identify the site as Sheridan Blvd. and Park Street. Rohman purchased Lots 1 & 2 of Block 7, Sheridan Place, in 1921 and held the lots until 1947, but did not build upon them.[94][95]

bf. American Carpenter and Builder of April 1906 includes a photograph and plans of "a Methodist Episcopal Church, at Auburn, Nebraska, erected after plans and specifications prepared by Mr. A. W. Woods." That the church was already finished, and credit is given to Woods alone and not Woods & Cordner, indicates the building was at least begun in 1905.[10]

bg. Woods' obituary mentions Second Methodist Church as one of his designs. Second Methodist was located at the southwest corner of 15th and M Streets in Lincoln (301 S. 15th). The church is first listed in the 1920 directory but had been preceded by First German Methodist Episcopal Church on that site. The building details match on the 1903 and 1928 Sanborn Map Co. atlases of Lincoln, indicating Second Methodist occupied the German Methodist building. First German M. E. Church was built in 1902, during the Roberts & Woods partnership.[1][112]

bh. The City of Lincoln building permit for Dr. Hoover's house lists "A. W. Woods" as contractor, whereas the permit application more plausibly lists "Turner and Palmer" as "Contractor or Builder" and "Architect A. W. Woods." Lincoln permits of 1914 did not include a line of "Architect" while the application did.[103]

bi. American Carpenter and Builder of April 1905 introduces Woods as an associate editor with a portrait photography and a brief paragraph: "Alfred W. Woods is too well known to the carpenters and builders of the country to need an introduction. For the past ten years he has made a special study of the steel square and its possibilities, and today has the most complete set of illustrations showing the application of that instrument to be found in this or any other country. It is upon this subject that he will write for the magazine. His writings have been largely copied, both in the United States and in foreign countries. Mr. Woods has had considerable experience in teaching architectural drawing in schools, and his 'Key to the Steel Square' is meeting with a large sale."

The exact duration of Woods' involvement with various magazines associated with construction is unclear. Who's Who in Lincoln of 1928 lists his associate editor status with American Carpenter and Builder as beginning in 1905 and still continuing, and the span of l906-1916 for his same role with Cement World. Who's Who in Nebraska of 1940 lists the same dates for Cement World but 1905-1920 for American Carpenter and Builder.

bj. W. R. Parsons & Son were active as architects and superintendents based in Quincy in the early 1880s, according to the 1884 city directory of Quincy. Later they had offices in Iowa, Minnesota, and Kansas. They designed courthouses and schools throughout the Midwest in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including Clinton Elementary School in Lincoln, Nebraska in 1890. Many architects had their start in Parsons' offices. As a young architect practicing in Quincy immediately following his schooling, A. W. Woods may have been associated with Parsons.[120]

bk. Woods & Cordner, Architects had designed an earlier church for this congregation five blocks away at 1701 South Street in 1912.

bl. Lincoln Trade Review [121] of August 1902 gives the projected cost of the hotel (before building) as "upward of $60,000" and a completion date of October 1st, 1902. It claims Cody's Hotel as an "entirely Lincoln-built building", for the following reasons: Woods is a Lincoln architect. The Stephen Bros, the general contractors, is a company of Lincoln. The plumbing, heating, and wiring was done by the L.W. Pomerene Plumbing Company of Lincoln. The lumber was furnished by the Searles & Chapin company of Lincoln. The cement and plaster was furnished by R.S. Young of Lincoln. Glass was furnished by the Western Glass and Paint Company of Lincoln. Steel was furnished by N. Westover & Company of Lincoln. Reddig Mossholder & Company of Lincoln furnished the iron columns. The Geiser Manufacturing Company of Lincoln furnished the cornice. The roofing was furnished by the Nichols Roofing Company of Lincoln. Nails were furnished by the Rudge & Guenzel Company of Lincoln. The Lincoln Hardware Company furnished the "other hardware," and finally, Lincoln bricklayers, stonecutters, and carpenters performed the labor.

bm. Lincoln Trade Review [122] of November 1902, after its grand opening, gives the cost of the hotel at $100,000. Colonel William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody named the hotel "Hotel Irma" after his youngest daughter, Miss Irma Cody. It gives the location as, "in the heart of the Big Horn mountains, fifty miles from Yellowstone park." Nebraska governor Savage and other Lincoln guests were present at the grand opening.

bn. Lincoln Trade Review [123] of December 1902 describes Col. W.F. Cody and Alfred Woods already preparing plans for an addition to the Irma Hotel. The two-story addition is planned to be 60 x 125 feet, nearly doubling the original size of the hotel. The plans were to be ready for contractors in a month. Mr. Woods' opinion was that the cost of the original hotel and addition together, including all furnishings and expensive art, would not exceed $100,000.

bo. Lincoln Trade Review [124] names most of the same Lincoln companies and laborers as [122][bm] and also includes a portion of a letter from Colonel W.F. Cody to Alfred Woods. "Buffalo Bill" is quoted from his letter as follows: "As long as we are bound to have a hotel, lets have a dandy. I am going to spare no expense in furnishing it. It must be a gem. I have engaged a Hoffman House cook and professional waiters. I am going to run this hotel myself if I have to keep the Wild West show running winter and summer to keep it going. No renter need apply."

bp. Nebraska State Journal of February 1903 reports on the dedication of the basement portion of First Methodist Episcopal Church in University Place, indicating "The walls are of stone finished in beautiful pitched-faced ashlar." Among "Those Who Have Assisted" are listed "A. W. Wood of Lincoln was the architect" and "A. H. Thompson superintended the work." The article reports that the debt on the basement work was paid by the time of the dedication. The completion of the superstructure commenced in 1908 and was completed in 1912. See Woods & Cordner, Architects.[127]

bq. A Nebraska State Journal report of January 1892 on a meeting of the Nebraska Columbian commission states the group "selected the design of A. W. Woods of this city, architect and principal of mechanical drawing in the Haish manual training school" for the state's building at the world's fair. A detailed description is provided of the design, noting it "combines the necessary qualities of beauty, utility and cheapness, the commission not being willing to expend more than $15,000." A year later that newspaper reported on the project that "H. Voss of Omaha, got $450 for his building plans and as superintendent of construction has received $285.50...At the time Mr. Voss received the contract to draw plans there were accusations to the effect that injustice had been done Architect Woods of this city, who had previously received the award. This matter will probably be revived."[129]

br. Lincoln architects Fiske & Meginnis designed an earlier frame church for the Ebenezer congregation in 1916. Drawings for that wooden church include notes indicating the brick foundation was planned to carry brick walls. The first church was shorter in length than the 1927 church and was located on the south end of the lot. Perhaps the south portion of the 1927 church stands on the foundation of the older building.(EFZ)

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References

1. “A. W. Woods, Architect Who Planned 100 Churches, Dies,” Lincoln Star (December 29, 1942): 1, 10.

2. Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.

3. "New home of the Elm Park M. E. Church congregation," Lincoln Sunday State Journal (January 5, 1919), with photograph.

4. City of Lincoln Building Permit #7541 with application and drawings, July 29, 1918.

5. Left blank.

6. City of Lincoln Building Permit #11125 with application and drawings, May 10, 1923. Cost: $36,000.

7. City of Lincoln Building Permit #8563 with application and drawings, May 15, 1920. Cost: $18,000.

8. A. W. Woods Collection, Nebraska State Historical Society, Museum Collections, 8840-1.

9. "New Building at Chadron," perspective drawing with caption, inscribed "Girls Dormatory [sic], Chadron, Neb., A. W. Woods, Archt.," Lincoln Sunday State Journal (September 7, 1913), 10-B.

10. "A Modern Church: Perspective and plans showing the interior arrangements--Materials used in constructing the same--Advantages of the arrangement," American Carpenter and Builder(April 1906), 32-33.

11. American Carpenter and Builder (November 1905), 561, 563.

12. City of Lincoln Building Permit #1126 and associated drawings, July 24, 1906. Plans marked "A. W. Woods, Arch't."

13. "Woods, Alfred W.," in Sara Mullins Baldwin, ed., Who's Who in Lincoln (1928), 231.

14. Who's Who in Nebraska (Lincoln: Nebraska Press Assn., 1940).

15. City of Lincoln Building Permit #10025 with application, May 5, 1922. Cost: $10,000.

16. American Contractor (April 4, 1914), 47, 111, 117; (April 18, 1914), 31, 93; (May 16, 1914), 86, 90, 94.

17. American Contractor (August 1, 1914), 104.

18. American Contractor (April 5, 1913), 42, 106, 107; (May 17, 1913), 37, 100, 101; (June 28, 1913), 27, 85, 87; (August 30, 1913), 24, 79, 81; (September 27, 1913), 22.

19. American Contractor (April 19, 1913), 93; (May 24, 1913), 96D--"Postponed to fall."

20. American Contractor (May 24, 1913), 96D; (June 21, 1913), 97; (August 23, 1913), 82.

21. American Contractor (July 5, 1913), 43; (August 23, 1913), 22, 82; (September 27, 1913), 22, 83.

22. City of Lincoln Building Permit #9179 with application and drawings, June 30, 1921. Cost: $30,000.

23. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6040 with application, June 3, 1915. Estimated cost $12,000.

24. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5923 with application, April 13, 1915. Estimated cost $30,000.

25. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6658 with application and drawings, June 28, 1916. Estimated cost $12,000.

26. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6727 with application and drawings, August 10, 1916. Estimated cost $8,750.

27. City of Lincoln Building Permit #15625 with application and drawings, July 13, 1926. Estimated cost $3,000.

28. City of Lincoln Building Permit #15050 with application, February 25, 1926. Estimated cost $10,000.

29. City of Lincoln Building Permit #16491 with application and drawings, May 26, 1927. Estimated cost $12,000.

30. City of Lincoln Building Permit #16496 with application and drawings, May 26, 1927. Estimated cost $21,000.

31. City of Lincoln Building Permit #16803 with application and drawings, August 30, 1927. Estimated cost $8,000.

32. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5130 with application, July 14, 1912; #5169 with application, August 5, 1913. Cost estimated at $3,765.

33. American Contractor (July 5, 1913), 37, 102; (August 23, 1913), 17, 82.

34. American Contractor (July 5, 1913), 43, 102; (September 27, 1913), 21, 82.

35. American Contractor (July 5, 1913), 47; (August 23, 1913), 82; (Sept. 27, 1913), 83.

36. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5176 with application, August 8, 1913. Estimated cost $10,000.

37. American Contractor (August 23, 1913), 30, 82.

38. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5187 with application and drawings, August 16, 1913. Estimated cost $8,000.

39. American Contractor (August 23, 1913), 28.

40. American Contractor (April 4, 1914), 47, 116, 117.

41. American Contractor (May 2, 1914), 45, 102, 115; (June 13, 1914), 25; (August 8, 1914), 76.

42. American Contractor (May 2, 1914), 46, 114, 115; (June 13, 1914), 25, 82, 83; (August 1, 1914), 104; (August 8, 1914), 76.

43. American Contractor (May 2, 1914), 46, 114, 115; (May 30, 1914), 84D, 84E; (August 1, 1914), 104; (September 5, 1914), 92; (September 12, 1914), 59; (October 31, 1914), 21, 66.

44. American Contractor (May 2, 1914), 46, 115; (June 13, 1914), 25, 84.

45. American Contractor (May 2, 1914), 115.

46. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5498 with application and drawings, April 23, 1914.

47. American Contractor (June 13, 1914), 23, 83; (August 1, 1914), 104; (August 8, 1914), 76.

48. American Contractor (June 13, 1914), 25, 82, 84; (June 20, 1914), 31; (August 1, 1914), 104; (September 5, 1914), 92; (September 12, 1914), 58.

49. American Contractor (August 1, 1914), 104; (August 22, 1914), 75; (September 5, 1914), 92; (September 12, 1914), 59; (October 17, 1914), 27, 69, 70; (November 21, 1914), 26, 71, 72.

50. American Contractor (August 1, 1914), 104; (August 8, 1914), 76; (September 5, 1914), 92; (September 12, 1914), 59; (October 17, 1914), 26, 66, 69; (November 14, 1914), 20, 62, 65; (December 12, 1914), 20, 55, 58.

51. American Contractor (August 8, 1914), 76; (September 5, 1914), 92; (September 12, 1914), 59; (October 10, 1914), 21, 37.

52. American Contractor (August 8, 1914), 76; (August 22, 1914), 75; (September 5, 1914), 42, 92; (September 12, 1914), 59; (September 19, 1914), 28; (December 12, 1914), 20, 52; (December 19, 1914), 26, 60G; (January 2, 1915), 40, 80; (January 9, 1915), 20, 52; (July 3, 1915), 110.

53. American Contractor (September 12, 1914), 21.

54. American Contractor (October 10, 1914), 21, 65; (June 5, 1915), 43, 100; (July 17, 1915), 31; (July 21, 1915), 23; (July 31, 1915), 86; (August 21, 1915), 82.

55. American Contractor (October 10, 1914), 65; (October 17, 1914), 70.

56. American Contractor (March 13, 1915), 18, 75.

57. American Contractor (April 24, 1915), 22, 76, 77.

58. American Contractor (July 17, 1915), 31, 86.

59. American Contractor (June 17, 1915), 80, for estimated $15,000.

60. American Contractor (July 17, 1915), 31, 86; (July 31, 1915), 23, 86; (May 27, 1916), 25, 79.

61. American Contractor (July 24, 1915), 24, 81; (August 7, 1915), 43, 98; (August 14, 1915), 72; (September 4, 1915), 42, 99, 102.

62. American Contractor (August 28, 1915), 21, 40, 76; (September 11, 1915), 37, 65.

63. American Contractor (August 28, 1915), 22, 76; (September 25, 1915), 21, 76.

64. American Contractor (September 4, 1915), 102.

65. American Contractor (January 1, 1916), 40, 64, 81.

66. American Contractor (January 1, 1916), 40, 80, 81.

67. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6190, with associated application, issued August 24, 1915.

68. American Contractor (January 15, 1916), 33.

69. American Contractor (January 15, 1916), 70.

70. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6482, with associated application and plans, issued April 1, 1916. Cost: $30,000.

71. American Contractor (March 4, 1916), 41, 91, 99; (June 17, 1916), 33, 104I, 104J; (July 7, 1917), 45, 80.

72. American Contractor (March 4, 1916), 90; (April 22, 1916), 85.

73. American Contractor (April 1, 1916), 43, 93, 94; (April 8, 1916), 24, 72g, 72h; (April 15, 1916), 91, 92; (May 6, 1916), 44, 101, 102.

74. American Contractor (April 8, 1916), 24, 72g, 72h; (April 15, 1916), 35, 92.

75. American Contractor (April 8, 1916), 24, 72h; (April 15, 1916), 35, 92; (May 20, 1916), 34.

76. American Contractor (May 6, 1916), 102; (May 20, 1916), 35, 87.

77. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6585 and associated application, issued May 24, 1916.

78. American Contractor (May 27, 1916), 24, 74, 79; (June 3, 1916), 44, 104, 109.

79. American Contractor (May 27, 1916), 24, 45, 79; (June 3, 1916), 44, 109, 110.

80. City of Lincoln Building Permit #9956, with associated application and plans, issued April 29, 1922. Cost: $30,000.

81. American Contractor (May 27, 1916), 27; (June 3, 1916), 47, 109; (July 1, 1916), 50.

82. American Contractor (July 1, 1916), 124; (July 22, 1916), 98C; (August 12, 1916), 94.

83. American Contractor (July 22, 1916), 24, 98C.

84. American Contractor (July 22, 1916), 98C; (July 29, 1916), 93.

85. American Contractor (August 12, 1916), 21, 90, 93; (August 19, 1916), 27, 102, 106A; (August 26, 1916), 36, 89; (September 1, 1916), 40, 103; (September 9, 1916), 17, 71, 74; (September 30, 1916), 18, 87, 89B.

86. American Contractor (September 23, 1916), 25 ($5,000 estimated cost).

87. American Contractor (January 27, 1917), 22, 71; (February 3, 1917), 44, 94; (February 17, 1917), 32, 80B.

88. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6975 with associated application, issued March 21, 1917.

89. American Contractor (February 17, 1917), 28, 80A, 80B; (February 24, 1917), 21, 75; (March 10, 1917), 21, 78D; (March 31, 1917), 21, 80.

90. American Contractor (March 17, 1917), 28, 81, 87.

91. American Contractor (April 13, 1918), 62D.

92. American Contractor (April 2, 1921), 86, 88.

93. American Contractor (April 2, 1921), 88.

94. American Contractor (April 1, 1922), 84.

95. Blueprints inscribed "Residence for Mr. Carl Rohman, Sheridan Blvd. & Park Street, Lincoln, Neb. A. W. Woods, Arch't. Lincoln, Neb." At Lincoln/Lancaster County Planning Dept.

96. "An Elegant Church," American Carpenter and Builder" (August 1916), 51.

97. "A Handsome Church Edifice," American Carpenter and Builder (December 1916), 83.

98. Advertisement for A. W. Woods' services as a church architect, in American Carpenter and Builder (August 1915), 150.

99. City of Lincoln Building Permit #4969 with associated application, issued April 9, 1913. Cost: $4,500.

100. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5137 with associated application and plans, issued July 11, 1913. Cost: $10,000.

101. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5149 with associated application, issued April 9, 1913. Cost: $3,000.

102. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5207 with associated application and plans, issued September 9, 1913.

103. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5477 with associated application, issued April 14, 1914.

104. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5756 with associated application, issued October 10, 1914.

105. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5847 with associated application, issued March 11, 1915. Cost: $6,000.

106. City of Lincoln Building Permit #5923 with associated application and drawings, issued April 15, 1915. Cost: $30,000.

107. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6082 with associated application, issued June 30, 1915. Cost: $4,000.

108. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6288 with associated application, issued October 19, 1915. Cost: $3,000.

109. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6787 with associated application, issued September 25, 1916. Cost: $5,290.

110. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6812 with associated application, issued October 7, 1916. Cost: $2,000.

111. City of Lincoln Building Permit #6900 with associated application, issued December 27, 1916. Cost: $3,500.

112. A. J. Sawyer, ed., Lincoln: The Capital City, and Lancaster County, Nebraska, Chicago: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1916, I:224.

113. City of Lincoln Building Permit #13415 with associated application, issued March 6, 1925. Cost: $8,000.

114. City of Lincoln Building Permit #7480 with associated application, issued June 6, 1918. Cost: $4,000.

115. City of Lincoln Building Permit #7524 with associated application, issued July 12, 1918. Cost: $2,000.

116. City of Lincoln Building Permit #7589 with associated application and plans, issued September 9, 1918. Cost: $8,000.

117. City of Lincoln Building Permit #10211 with associated application, issued June 29, 1922. Cost: $25,000.

118. "Everyone's Architect," Archways: Nebraska Wesleyan University Magazine (Summer 2014), 14:2, 15-18.

119. American Carpenter and Builder (April 1905), 4, 6.

120. Yost, Carl. “History of the Lincoln Schools, 1864-1925," typescript abstract of School Board minutes, by U. of Nebr. student as YSA project, 1936, 44. Copy at Lincoln Planning Dept.

121. “The New Cody Hotel, Cody, Wyoming,” Lincoln Trade Review Vol. 1. No. 11. (August 16, 1902)

122. “The Hotel Irma,” Lincoln Trade Review (November 22, 1902), 7.

123. Lincoln Trade Review (December 13, 1902), 9.

124. Lincoln Trade Review (n.d.) [See NSHS file]

125. Lincoln City Directory, 1915.

126. City of Lincoln Building Permit #14709 with associated application and plans, issued 1925. Cost: $48,000.

127. "Dedication of New Church...Large Methodist Institution Has a Substantial Begginning [sic],"Nebraska State Journal (February 2, 1903), 3.

128. Advertisement "Craddock & Woods, architects, Burr blk." Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening Call (May 13, 1889), 5.

129. "The Nebraska State Building. Plans for a $15,000 Structure to Be Erected on the World's Fair Grounds," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 20, 1892), 7; "The Legislative Deadlock...World's Fair Expenses," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 30, 1893), 3.

130. American Carpenter & Builder (October 1906).


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Page Citation

E. F. Zimmer, “Alfred Wilderman Woods (1857-1942), Architect,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, February 23, 2019. http://www.e-nebraskahistory.org/index.php?title=Place_Makers_of_Nebraska:_The_Architects Accessed, March 21, 2019.


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