Alexander Hay (1858-1937), Architect

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Lincoln, Nebraska, 1890; New Orleans, Louisiana, 1893-c. 1920

DBA: Craddock & Hay, Lincoln, Nebraska; Duval & Hay, Hay & Hulse, New Orleans, Louisiana

Alexander Hay was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1858 to James and Isabella (Hall) Hay. He was educated in Edinburgh, then was a draftsman for Scottish architectural offices. He immigrated to the U. S. in about 1888 and worked in Massachusetts before his brief sojourn in Nebraska, where a short-lived partnership between James Henry Craddock and Hay lasted only part of the year 1890 as Craddock & Hay.[1] Hay probably returned to Massachusetts before arriving in New Orleans by 1893, where he resided until his death in 1937. In his last decades the U. S. Census and New Orleans city directories listed him as a "curio dealer" or bookseller.[5]

This page is a contribution to the publication, Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. See the format and contents page for more information on the compilation and page organization.

Compiled Nebraska Directory Listings

Not listed in Nebraska directories.

Educational & Professional Associations

c. 1876-1888: draftsman for architects in Edinburgh and Aberdeen, Scotland.[10][11][a]

c. 1888-c. 1889: draftsman, Merrill & Cutler architectural practice, Lowell, Massachusetts.[1][11]

1890: Craddock & Hay, architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1]

1893-1894: (Southron R.) Duval & Hay, architects, New Orleans, Louisiana.[2][3]

1895-1896: Hay & (Albert L.) Hulse, architects, New Orleans, Louisiana.[2][3]

1896-c. 1915: Architect in solo practice, New Orleans, Louisiana.[4]

Other Associations

c. 1916-1930s: Proprietor, "Vieux Carre" Book and Curio Store, New Orleans, Louisiana.[9]

Buildings & Projects

Competition design for Cathedral of St. John the Divine (1889), New York City, New York.[10]

SEE Craddock & Hay, Architects for proposals for school buildings (1890), Lincoln, Nebraska.

Carrollton Presbyterian Church (1897-1898), Burdette and Hampson Streets, Carrollton, Louisiana.[6][7]

Baptist Church (1900), St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, Louisiana.[8]


a. The announcement of the architectural partnership of Craddock & Hay in the Lincoln Evening Call in 1890 mentions that Hay had worked a dozen years in architectural offices in Scotland before coming to America. His work in Lowell, Massachusetts on the City Hall and other projects was also cited, along with his competition design for "the New York Cathedral." Merrill & Cutler, Lowell architects, received the commission for the mammoth Richardson Romanesque City Hall, which commenced with an architectural competition in 1888 and was finished in 1893.[1] Hay's perspective drawing for the Cathedral of St. John the Divine was published in American Architect & Building News late in 1889, just before he came to Lincoln.[10]

b. The "Alexander Hay Office Records" in Tulane's Southeastern Architecture Archive [11] shed light on a number of his New Orleans projects, as well as some of his pre-1893 associates in Scotland and Massachusetts, such as Merrill & Cutler in Lowell. The detailed "Scope and Contents" listing does not reference any Nebraska projects.[11]


1. "Ready for Work. Craddock & Hay, Architects, Fling Their Banner to the Breeze," (Lincoln, Nebraska) Evening Call (February 8, 1890), 5.

2. "Prosperous Architects. Progress of the Firm of Duval & Hay," (New Orleans, Louisiana) Times-Democrat (June 18, 1893), 9.

3. Notices of dissolution "by mutual consent" of firm of Hay & Hulse, (New Orleans, Louisiana) Times-Democrat (October 4, 1896), 6.

4. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line], s. v. "Alexander Hay." Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2004; 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line], s. v. "Alexander Hay." Lehi, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2006.

5. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line], s. v. "Alexander Hay." Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010; 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]; s. v. "Alexander Hay." Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2002.

6. "As the Architects See the Situation," (New Orleans, Louisiana) Times-Picayune (September 1, 1897), 14.

7. "Carrollton Presbyterian Church," (New Orleans, Louisiana) Times-Picayune (January 22, 1898), 11; "Presbyterians' New Carrollton Church," (New Orleans, Louisiana) Times-Picayune (January 24, 1898), 3 (illustrated).

8. "New Baptist Church on St. Charles Avenue," (New Orleans, Louisiana) Times-Democrat (July 26, 1900), 12 (illustrated).

9. Advertisement for "'Vieux Carre' Book and Curio Store, 321 Royal Street, New Orleans, La.," (New Orleans, Louisiana) Herald (August 30, 1917), 6.

10. Perspective drawing in American Architect and Building News (December 21, 1889), No. 730 (illustration); accessed on-line May 26, 2020 at

11. "Alexander Hay Office Records," Southeastern Architecture Archive, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, Tulane University (Collection 30), accessed on-line May 26, 2020 at


Page Citation

E. F. Zimmer, “Alexander Hay (1858-1937), Architect,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, May 26, 2020. Accessed, August 11, 2022.

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