Andrew T. Large, Jr. (1846-1930), Architect

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Dallas, Texas, 1874; Omaha, Nebraska, 1878-1885; San Diego/Los Angeles/San Gabriel, California, 1885-1920


Andrew T. Large, Jr. was born in March 1846, in New York, to Andrew T. and Sarah Large. He served in the 36th Regiment of the Wisconsin Infantry from March 1864 to July 1865.[15] In 1870 the parents and six children were residing in Chicago, where the father and three sons (including Andrew Jr.) were listed as carpenters.[16] By 1874 A. T. Jr. was in Dallas, Texas, working as an architect.[18] He married Julia Campbell before 1874 and they had at least two children a daughter Clara, born in Texas in 1874 (married name, Lemon) and a son Andrew A. who died in Omaha as an infant. Their mother Julia died before 1900 and Large married a second time in California (Nellie, ca. 1906). Large lived and worked as an architect first in Omaha, Nebraska, then in San Diego and Los Angeles, California. He died in California in 1930.[2][3][4][5][13][14]

This page is a contribution to the publication, Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. See the format and contents page for more information on the compilation and page organization.

Compiled Nebraska Directory Listings

Omaha, Nebraska, 1878-1882, 1884-1885

Educational & Professional Associations

1874: architect, Dallas, Texas.[18]

1878: draughtsman for A. R. Dufrene, Omaha, Nebraska.[b]

1880-1881: architect, Creighton Block, Omaha, Nebraska.[1]

1882-1885: Large & McPherson, Architects, Omaha, Nebraska

1886-1900: architect, San Diego, California.[3][13][17]

1910: architect, Los Angeles, California.[4]

1920: architect, San Gabriel, California.[5]

Buildings & Projects

1874, Dallas, Texas

Dallas Cotton Compress, "consisting of warehouses, sheds, engine rooms, press and pickery rooms, etc." (1874), Block 53, Jackson Street between Lamar and Poydras, Dallas, Texas.[18][h]

1878-1885, Omaha, Nebraska

Superintendent, Trinity Cathedral (1880-1883), Omaha, Nebraska.[1][21][22][a] (DO09:2-14)

Burlington & Missouri River Railroad Depot (1880-1881), 7th & P, Lincoln, Nebraska.[12][23[f]

Convent for Poor Clare Sisters (1880), at "Shinn's Reserve...beyond Cuming street and south of Hamilton," Omaha, Nebraska.[[#References}[19]]]

Steele & Johnson business block (1880), corner of 13th & Harney, Omaha, Nebraska.[[#References}[19]]]

W. J. Broatch business block (1880), Harney 44 feet east of Steele & Johnson building, Omaha, Nebraska.[[#References}[19]]]

Brick block of four dwellings, two stories, 83x80 feet for Gen. Hawkins (1880), Cass Street, Omaha, Nebraska.[[#References}[19]]]

Two dwellings for Howard B. Smith (1880), Capitol Hill near High School, Omaha, Nebraska.[[#References}[19]]]

Proposal for W. V. Morse business block (1880), matching and adjacent to Broatch block on Harney, Omaha, Nebraska.[[#References}[19]]]

Double Store of S. P. Morse & Co. (1882), 1315-1317 Farnam, Omaha, Nebraska.[[#References}[20]]]

Gibbon Public School (1884), Gibbon, Nebraska. (BF03-022)

1885-1920, California

Otay Watch Factory (1889), Otay, San Diego County, California.[10]

Proposal for normal school building (1898), "on the grounds on University Heights," San Diego, California.[6][c]

A. T. Large house, two-story house with an ell (1889), near Main Street, Otay, San Diego County, California.[11]

American Steam Laundry Co. (1905), 1045-1049 S. Los Angeles Street, Los Angeles, California.[7][d]

A. T. Large house (1911), "at Ramona Acres," Los Angeles, California.[8][e]

Grade school (1915), Micheltorena Street, Los Angeles, California.[9]

Notes

a. The contract specified A. R. Dufrene as superintendent. Large was listed the 1878 Omaha city directory as working in Dufrene's office (as draughtsman). Presumably Dufrene assigned Large to be on site. H. G. Harrison of New York was the design architect, but he was unavailable for on-site superintendence.[21][22]

b. First Omaha directory listing.

c. Large (of San Diego) was one of nine architects who submitted proposals to the normal college board.[6]

d. Described as "two-story brick...$12,000."[7]

e. Los Angeles Times of 1911 described Large as "one of the architects of the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago" in a note about Large designing and supervising construction of his own home.[8]

f. A lengthy description of February 1880 in Omaha Herald details the "extensive new depot building that the Burlington & Missouri R. R. Co. propose to erect at Lincoln" and gives the estimated cost as $55,000, further noting that "Mr. A. T. Large Jr. of this city is the architect." Another report upon the completion of the building in mid-1881 also credits Large.[12] Large also placed an advertisement in a Lincoln newspaper in 1881 offering "Plans and specifications furnished for any style in the art" in which he identifies himself as "Architect of the new B. & M. R. R. depot at Lincoln, Nebraska."[23]

g. The Nebraska State Census of 1885 listed 67-year-old A. T. Large as a carpenter, and his sons 39-year-old A. T. Large Jr. and Charles Large with the same occupation. Andrew T. Large, Sr. was included in the 1886 Omaha city directory as a carpenter, as was his son Charles H. Large, but by 1886 A. T. Jr. was listed in the voter register of San Diego County, California, identified as an architect.[13][17]

h. A. T. Large's tenure in Dallas apparently was brief. His design for the "Cotton Compress" is documented by several mentions in Dallas newspspers of 1874, and his daughter Clara was born in Texas in 1874, but he is not listed among residents in the 1875 city directory of Dallas, nor in the 1878 edition among residents or architects.[18]

References

1. Copy of letter from John M. Thurston, Lawyer for A. T. Large, to the Rt. Rev. Lis(?) regarding payment for supervision, DO09:2-14 (from church records)

2. 1880 United States Census, s.v. “A. T. Large,” Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska, accessed through HeritageQuestOnline.com.

3. 1900 United States Census, s.v. “Arew T. Large,”in household of daughter Clara and George Lemon, San Diego, San Diego County, California, accessed through HeritageQuestOnline.com.

4. 1910 United States Census, s.v. “Andrew T. Large,” Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California, accessed through HeritageQuestOnline.com.

5. 1920 United States Census, s.v. “Andrew Large,” San Gabriel Township, Los Angeles County, California, accessed through HeritageQuestOnline.com.

6. "San Diego County...Normal School Board Considering Plans for a New Building," Los Angeles (California) Times (January 22, 1898), 13.

7. "January Was a Record Month. Permits Reached a Value of $1,131,561," Los Angeles (California) Herald (February 5, 1905), 11.

8. "Designs Own House," Los Angeles (California) Times (August 20, 1911), VI-4.

9. "The Los Angeles Way. Twenty New Schools Now Being Planned. Board of Education to Hurry Construction of Urgently Needed Buildings as Rapidly as Bond Can be Disposed of...," Los Angeles (California) Times (March 28, 1915), V-1; "Thirty Schools Now Under Way...Completed Buildings," Los Angeles (California) Times (October 31, 1915), V-1.

10. "The Factory," Otay (Chula Vista, California) Press (March 28, 1889), 2; "Otay Watch Factory" (illustration and caption), and "They Say" (reference to Large as architect), Otay (Chula Vista, California) Press (May 30, 1889), 2-3.

11. "Buildings Completed and in Prospective," Otay (Chula Vista, California) Press (July 18, 1889), 3.

12. "The New Depot. To be Erected by the B. & M. Road at Lincoln. The Finest Railway Passenger Structure in the State," Omaha (Nebraska) Herald (February 20, 1880), 8; "The New B. & M. Depot. A Model of Proportion, Arrangement and Architectural Style. A Short Description of the Magnificent Structure," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (July 4, 1881), 4.

13. Ancestry.com. Nebraska, State Census Collection, 1860-1885 [database on-line]. s. v. "A. T. Large Junior." Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.

14. Ancestry.com. California, Death Index, 1905-1939 [database on-line]. s.v. "Andrew T. Large." Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.

15. Ancestry.com. U.S. National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1938 [database on-line]. s.v. "Andrew T. Large." Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.

16. Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. s.v. "Andrew Large." Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.

17. Ancestry.com. California, Voter Registers, 1866-1898 [database on-line], s. v. "Andrew T. Large, Jr." Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

18. "For Sale" and "Attention, Contractors! Proposals Wanted," Dallas (Texas) Daily Herald (July 25, 1874), 3; "The Cotton Compress," Dallas (Texas) Weekly Herald (July 25, 1874), 3; "Contract Awarded" ($40,000), Dallas (Texas) Daily Herald (July 31, 1874), 4.

19. "Transformation. Opening Wonders of 1880 in Omaha's Internal Development. A Long List of Important and Substantial Buildings Contracted for or Under Way...," Omaha (Nebraska) Herald (May 4, 1880), 8.

20. "Morse's Mart. The New Dry Goods Palace Thrown Open to the Public," Omaha (Nebraska) Daily Herald (March 15, 1882), 8.

21. "Trinity Cathedral. The Elegant New Structure to Replace that Burned in this City," Omaha (Nebraska) Daily Herald (July 24, 1879), 8; "Laying Foundations. The Beginning of Work Upon the New Trinity," Omaha (Nebraska) Herald (April 27, 1880), 6.

22. Persijs Kolberg, "Trinity Cathedral...Omaha, Nebraska", (a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places), Nebraska State Historical Society: 1974.

23. "A. T. Large, Jr. Architect...," Lincoln (Nebraska) Daily Globe (April 21, 1881), 2.

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Page Citation

D. Murphy and E. F. Zimmer, “Andrew T. Large, Jr. (1846-1930), Architect,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, December 15, 2021. http://www.e-nebraskahistory.org/index.php?title=Place_Makers_of_Nebraska:_The_Architects Accessed, August 11, 2022.


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