Difference between revisions of "Cram & Ferguson, Architects"

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Partners:
 
Partners:
  
Ralph Adams Cram (1863-1942), Architect
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'''Ralph Adams Cram''' (1863-1942), Architect
  
Frank Ferguson, Architect
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'''Frank W. Ferguson''' 1861-1926), Architect
  
Ralph Adams Cram was born in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, in 1863.[[#References|[6]]] After studying at Phillips Exeter Academy and touring Europe, Cram wrote art criticism for the ''Boston Transcript'', and, as a result, apprenticed with the Boston architectural firm of Arthur Rotch and George Tilden from 1881-1885.[[#References|[6]]] Cram was a finalist in the Boston Court House competition of 1886 and placed second in the Massachusetts State House competition of the same year, proving his competence and worth as an architect.[[#References|[6]]] Subsequently, Cram opened his own Boston practice in conjunction with Charles Wentworth, in 1890.[[#References|[6]]] Cram became known as a leading proponent of the Gothic Revival style.[[#References|[6]]]
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Ralph Adams Cram was born in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, in 1863. After studying at Phillips Exeter Academy and touring Europe, Cram wrote art criticism for the ''Boston Transcript'', and, as a result, apprenticed with the Boston architectural firm of Arthur Rotch and George Tilden from 1881-1885. Cram was a finalist in the Boston Court House competition of 1886 and placed second in the Massachusetts State House competition of the same year, proving his competence and worth as an architect. Subsequently, Cram opened his own Boston practice in conjunction with Charles Wentworth, in 1890. Cram became known as a leading proponent of the Gothic Revival style.[[#References|[4]]]
  
Cram’s experience and knowledge of ecclesiastical art and architectural subjects, which he had garnered through his earlier European study tour, made him widely popular among church commissions.[[#References|[6]]] He was so popular that he designed over seventy cathedrals and churches.[[#References|[6]]] In 1891, Cram became business partners with [[Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue]], and together they won the competition to rebuild the United State Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1903.[[#References|[6]]] After winning additional competitions, including the Saint Thomas Church commission in 1906, and West Point’s Cadet Chapel in 1910, the firm received national recognition and praise.[[#References|[6]]] Cram died in 1942.[[#References|[6]]]
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Cram’s experience and knowledge of ecclesiastical art and architectural subjects, which he had garnered through his earlier European study tour, made him widely popular among church commissions. He was so popular that he designed over seventy cathedrals and churches. In 1891, Cram became business partners with '''[[Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue (1869-1924), Architect|Bertram G. Goodhue]]''', and together they won the competition to rebuild the United State Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1903. After winning additional competitions, including the Saint Thomas Church commission in 1906, and West Point’s Cadet Chapel in 1910, the firm received national recognition and praise. Cram died in 1942.[[#References|[4]]]
  
This page is a contribution to the publication, '''[[Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects]]'''. See the [[Format and contents of Nebraska architect entries]] page for more information on the compilation and page organization.
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This page is a contribution to the publication, '''[[Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects]]'''. See the [[Format and contents of Nebraska architect entries|format and contents of Nebraska architect entries]] page for more information on the compilation and page organization.
[[File:DM201304 280 11w.jpg|thumb|center|upright=3.0|First Presbyterian Church, 1925-1927, Lincoln (''D. Murphy'')]]
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[[File:DM201304 280 11w.jpg|thumb|center|upright=3.25|First Presbyterian Church, 1925-1927, Lincoln (''D. Murphy'')]]
 
==Nebraska Buildings & Projects==
 
==Nebraska Buildings & Projects==
St. Marks Episcopal Pro-Cathedral (1919-1922), Hastings, Nebraska.[[#References|[5][7]]] (AD04-035)  
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St. Marks Episcopal Pro-Cathedral (1919-1922), Hastings, Nebraska.[[#References|[2][3]]] (AD04-035)  
[http://www.nebraskahistory.org/histpres/nebraska/adams/AD04-035_St_Marks_Episcopal.pdf National Register narrative]
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[[:File:DM201304 280 11w.jpg|'''First Presbyterian Church (1925-1927)''']], 840 S. 17th, Lincoln, Nebraska.[[#References|[4][7]]][[#Notes|[a]]] (LC13:D07-013)
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[[:File:DM201304 280 11w.jpg|'''First Presbyterian Church (1925-1927)''']], 840 S. 17th, Lincoln, Nebraska.[[#References|[1][3]]][[#Notes|[a]]] (LC13:D07-013)
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
a. [[Davis & Wilson, Architects|Davis & Wilson]] were the local associates.[[#References|[4]]]
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a. [[Davis & Wilson, Architects|Davis & Wilson]] were the local associates.[[#References|[1]]]
  
 
==Writings==
 
==Writings==
 
Ralph Adams Cram, ''American Churches'' (New York: The American Architect, 1915).  
 
Ralph Adams Cram, ''American Churches'' (New York: The American Architect, 1915).  
  
Ralph Adams Cram, ''Church Building'', Third Ed. (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1924).
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_____, ''Church Building'', Third Ed. (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1924).
  
Ralph Adams Cram, ''Convictions & Controversies'' (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1935).
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_____, ''Convictions & Controversies'' (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1935).
  
Ralph Adams Cram, ''English Country Churches'' (Boston: Bates & Guild Co., 1898).
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_____, ''English Country Churches'' (Boston: Bates & Guild Co., 1898).
  
Ralph Adams Cram, “Have I a Philosophy of Design?” ''Pencil Points'' 13 (November 1932), 729.
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_____, “Have I a Philosophy of Design?” ''Pencil Points'' 13 (November 1932), 729.
  
Ralph Adams Cram, ''The Ministry of Art'' (Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1914).
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_____, ''The Ministry of Art'' (Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1914).
  
Ralph Adams Cram, ''My Life in Architecture'' (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1936).  
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_____, ''My Life in Architecture'' (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1936).  
  
Ralph Adams Cram, "Retrogression, Ugliness," ''Architectural Forum'' 59 (July 1933).
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_____, "Retrogression, Ugliness," ''Architectural Forum'' 59 (July 1933).
  
Ralph Adams Cram, ''Six Lectures on Architecture'' (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1917).
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_____, ''Six Lectures on Architecture'' (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1917).
  
Ralph Adams Cram, ''The Substance of Gothic'' (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1925).
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_____, ''The Substance of Gothic'' (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1925).
 
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Ralph Cram & Frank Ferguson, “Gothic Architecture in Churches,” ''Architectural Forum'' (January 1936), 49.
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==Additional Bibliography==
 
==Additional Bibliography==
 +
Allen, George H., "Cram--The Yankee Mediaevalist," ''Architectural Forum'' 55 (July, 1931), 79-80.
  
==References==
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Cram, Ralph, and Frank Ferguson, “Gothic Architecture in Churches,” ''Architectural Forum'' (January 1936), 49.
1. Roger Spelman, “Chancels: Their Arrangement and Furniture,” ''American Architect'' 105 (Febrary 18, 1914), 65.
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2. “Ralph Adams Cram,” ''Architectural Forum'' 55 (July 1931), 79.
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“Ralph Adams Cram,” ''Architectural Forum'' 55 (July 1931), 79.
  
3. Montgomery Schuyler, “Works of Cram, Goodhue and Ferguson,” ''Architectural Record'' 29 (January 1911), 1-112.
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Schuyler, Montgomery, “Works of Cram, Goodhue and Ferguson,” ''Architectural Record'' 29 (January 1911), 1-112.
  
4. Cram & Ferguson (Davis & Wilson, Associated), Architects, “First Presbyterian Church,” architectural working drawings, 1926; in Davis Fenton Stange Darling Collection, Nebraska State Historical Society, RG3748AM.
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Spelman, Roger, “Chancels: Their Arrangement and Furniture,” ''American Architect'' 105 (February 18, 1914), 65.
  
5. Dorothy Weyer Creigh, ''Adams County: A Story of the Great Plains'' (Hastings: Adams County-Hastings Centennial Committee, 1972), 621.
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Withey, Henry F., and Elsie Rathburn Withey. ''Biographical Dictionary of American Architects (Deceased)''. Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, Inc., 1970, 145-47.
  
6. David Gebhard and Deborah Nevins, ''200 years of American Architectural Drawing'' (New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1977), 157.
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==References==
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1. Cram & Ferguson (Davis & Wilson, Associated), Architects, “First Presbyterian Church,” architectural working drawings, 1926; in Davis Fenton Stange Darling Collection, Nebraska State Historical Society, RG3748AM.
  
7. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
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2. Dorothy Weyer Creigh, ''Adams County: A Story of the Great Plains'' (Hastings: Adams County-Hastings Centennial Committee, 1972), 621.
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3. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
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4. David Gebhard and Deborah Nevins, ''200 years of American Architectural Drawing'' (New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1977), 156.
  
 
==Page Citation==  
 
==Page Citation==  
  
 
[[D. Murphy]], “{{PAGENAME}},” {{Template:ArchtPageCitation}} November 18, 2014.  {{Template:ArchtPageCitation2}} {{LOCALMONTHNAME}} {{LOCALDAY}}, {{CURRENTYEAR}}.
 
[[D. Murphy]], “{{PAGENAME}},” {{Template:ArchtPageCitation}} November 18, 2014.  {{Template:ArchtPageCitation2}} {{LOCALMONTHNAME}} {{LOCALDAY}}, {{CURRENTYEAR}}.
 
  
  
 
{{Template:ArchtContribute}}
 
{{Template:ArchtContribute}}

Latest revision as of 14:57, 31 October 2019

Boston, Massachusetts


Partners:

Ralph Adams Cram (1863-1942), Architect

Frank W. Ferguson 1861-1926), Architect

Ralph Adams Cram was born in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, in 1863. After studying at Phillips Exeter Academy and touring Europe, Cram wrote art criticism for the Boston Transcript, and, as a result, apprenticed with the Boston architectural firm of Arthur Rotch and George Tilden from 1881-1885. Cram was a finalist in the Boston Court House competition of 1886 and placed second in the Massachusetts State House competition of the same year, proving his competence and worth as an architect. Subsequently, Cram opened his own Boston practice in conjunction with Charles Wentworth, in 1890. Cram became known as a leading proponent of the Gothic Revival style.[4]

Cram’s experience and knowledge of ecclesiastical art and architectural subjects, which he had garnered through his earlier European study tour, made him widely popular among church commissions. He was so popular that he designed over seventy cathedrals and churches. In 1891, Cram became business partners with Bertram G. Goodhue, and together they won the competition to rebuild the United State Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1903. After winning additional competitions, including the Saint Thomas Church commission in 1906, and West Point’s Cadet Chapel in 1910, the firm received national recognition and praise. Cram died in 1942.[4]

This page is a contribution to the publication, Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. See the format and contents of Nebraska architect entries page for more information on the compilation and page organization.

First Presbyterian Church, 1925-1927, Lincoln (D. Murphy)

Nebraska Buildings & Projects

St. Marks Episcopal Pro-Cathedral (1919-1922), Hastings, Nebraska.[2][3] (AD04-035)

First Presbyterian Church (1925-1927), 840 S. 17th, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][3][a] (LC13:D07-013)

Notes

a. Davis & Wilson were the local associates.[1]

Writings

Ralph Adams Cram, American Churches (New York: The American Architect, 1915).

_____, Church Building, Third Ed. (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1924).

_____, Convictions & Controversies (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1935).

_____, English Country Churches (Boston: Bates & Guild Co., 1898).

_____, “Have I a Philosophy of Design?” Pencil Points 13 (November 1932), 729.

_____, The Ministry of Art (Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1914).

_____, My Life in Architecture (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1936).

_____, "Retrogression, Ugliness," Architectural Forum 59 (July 1933).

_____, Six Lectures on Architecture (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1917).

_____, The Substance of Gothic (Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1925).

Additional Bibliography

Allen, George H., "Cram--The Yankee Mediaevalist," Architectural Forum 55 (July, 1931), 79-80.

Cram, Ralph, and Frank Ferguson, “Gothic Architecture in Churches,” Architectural Forum (January 1936), 49.

“Ralph Adams Cram,” Architectural Forum 55 (July 1931), 79.

Schuyler, Montgomery, “Works of Cram, Goodhue and Ferguson,” Architectural Record 29 (January 1911), 1-112.

Spelman, Roger, “Chancels: Their Arrangement and Furniture,” American Architect 105 (February 18, 1914), 65.

Withey, Henry F., and Elsie Rathburn Withey. Biographical Dictionary of American Architects (Deceased). Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, Inc., 1970, 145-47.

References

1. Cram & Ferguson (Davis & Wilson, Associated), Architects, “First Presbyterian Church,” architectural working drawings, 1926; in Davis Fenton Stange Darling Collection, Nebraska State Historical Society, RG3748AM.

2. Dorothy Weyer Creigh, Adams County: A Story of the Great Plains (Hastings: Adams County-Hastings Centennial Committee, 1972), 621.

3. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

4. David Gebhard and Deborah Nevins, 200 years of American Architectural Drawing (New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1977), 156.

Page Citation

D. Murphy, “Cram & Ferguson, Architects,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, November 18, 2014. http://www.e-nebraskahistory.org/index.php?title=Place_Makers_of_Nebraska:_The_Architects Accessed, July 2, 2020.


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