Paul V. Hyland (1876-1966), Architect
Paul V. Hyland was born in Chicago in 1876 and began his education in the public schools of that city. As a teenager he worked as a draftsman for various Chicago architects, and attended Niagara University in Niagara Falls, New York for a few years. He married Lillian Mahler in 1898 in Chicago and together they had a daughter and three sons. He worked as a superintendent for several architects and took the Illinois examination for licensure as an architect, failing in 1902 and passing in 1908. When he established his own practice in 1908, he was described as a “prominent member” of the Chicago Architectural Club for many years. His first partnership, Hyland & Green, had projects in both Chicago and Lincoln, Nebraska. The firm was listed as a patron of the 1912 annual exhibition of the Chicago Architectural Club, held at the Art Institute of Chicago. The firm exhibited several drawings of new designs at the exhibition. Hyland next employed Joseph G. McArthur as his representative in Lincoln, together accomplishing major projects there between 1915 and 1918. Hyland also maintained an independent practice in Chicago, designing many banks throughout Illinois and Iowa before partnering again with R. P. Corse as Hyland & Corse in the later 1920s.[h] Hyland and his family were still in Chicago at the time of the 1940 U. S. Census, which described his occupation as "engineering inspector" employed in "building construction." He moved to Los Angeles, California in 1952 into the household of Edwina and Paul V. Hyland, Jr. and continued to work as a architectural draftsman. He died in Los Angeles in 1966.[n] The Art Institute of Chicago holds the "Paul Vincent Hyland papers."[i]
Compiled Nebraska Directory Listings
Lincoln, Nebraska, 1917-1918
Educational & Professional Associations
1891-1893: draftsman for T. M. Whitehouse, Chicago, Illinois.
circa 1894-1895: attended Niagara University, Niagara, New York.
1895-1898: superintendent for N. D. Little, architect, Chicago, Illinois.
1898-1899: employed by Winslow Brothers Ornamental Ironworks, Chicago, Illinois.
1899-1900: employed by D. H. Burham & Company, architects, Chicago, Illinois.
1900: became member of Chicago Architecture Club.
1901: superintendent for P. J. Weber, architect, Chicago, Illinois.
1901-1902: superintendent for Jenney & Mundie, architects, Chicago, Illinois.
1902: failed examination for Illinois architectural licensure.
1908: passed Illinois architectural registration exam, gaining architect's license No. 301.
1914-1925: architect, Chicago, Illinois.
1915-1918: extends practice in Lincoln, Nebraska, employing J. G. McArthur as superintendent and "representative architect."
1918-1919: Major in U. S. Army Quartermaster Corps.
1933-1942: architect, estimator, engineer, inspector for firms and agencies in Chicago, Illinois.
Buildings & Projects
Nine residences for Ward T. Huston (1909), 250-276 N. Saint Louis Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.
815-832 Monticello Avenue (1909), Chicago, Illinois.
1031-1049 Spaulding Avenue (1909), Chicago, Illinois.
Bank of Sheboygan (1909), Sheboygan, Wisconsin.[42:117]
From 1910-1914, Hyland practiced in partnership with Herbert H. Green as Hyland & Green. While based in Chicago, the partners also carried out projects regionally and as far west as Lincoln, Nebraska. See Hyland & Green for their projects. The firm dissolved in 1914. Both men maintained Chicago offices in the 1910s, while Hyland had additional significant commissions in Lincoln in 1915-1918. Green relocated to Phoenix in the 1920s where he practiced for several decades.
Hyland resumed an independent practice based in Chicago in 1914. From 1915-1918, Hyland employed Joseph G. McArthur as his building superintendent and representative in Lincoln, Nebraska, gaining major commercial and residential commissions. McArthur began practicing independently in Nebraska, relocating to Omaha by 1918. See Hyland, with McArthur for their Nebraska projects. Hyland's work during this period in Illinois and Iowa presumably did not involve McArthur and is listed below.
Knights of Columbus, Leo XII Council House (1914), 818-820 Garfield Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois.
First National Bank of Alexis (1917), Alexis, Illinois.
Alterations to Kewanee State & Savings Trust Company (1917), Kewanee, Illinois.
Remodeling of two buildings into one new brick front for Union State Savings Bank and Trust Company (1918), Kewanee, Illinois.
Knights of Columbus lodge hall, store and office (1918), DeKalb, Illinois.
Hyland continued his independent, Chicago-based practice after Joseph G. McArthur became an independent practitioner in Nebraska, but Hyland's work in that state apparently ceased. Hyland remained an independent architect with projects in Illinois and Iowa until 1927, when he again entered into a brief partnership.
Addition to Muscatine State Bank (1920), 104 W Second, Muscatine, Iowa.
Keokuk Savings Bank (1920), 5th & Main Streets, Keokuk, Iowa.
Mercer Co. Bank (1920), Aledo, Illinois.
American Envelope Co. factory (1920), 3140 Grand Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.
School for Catholic bishop of Chicago (1921), 1210-1326 Loyola Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.
First National Bank of Kewanee (1921), Kewanee, Illinois.
Remodeling of Peoples Trust & Savings Bank and Office Building (1921), Galesburg, Illinois.
Peoples State Bank (1922), Astoria, Illinois.
James L. Kraft house (1922), North Kenmore St., Wilmette, Illinois.
Alumni Gym (1923), Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois.
First National Bank (1923), 101 S Jefferson, Mount Pleasant, Iowa.
Gymnasium (1924-1925), Loras College, Dubuque, Iowa.
Hyland's final partnership with R. P. Corse, Hyland & Corse, designed a three-story apartment house and a pair of tall Chicago buildings in the late 1920s.[h]
Six-unit apartment (1925), 6650 N. Glenwood Ave., Chicago, Illinois.
Carlton Towers (1927), Logan Square, Chicago, Illinois.
Equitable Building (1928), 180 West Washington, Chicago, Illinois.
Hyland remained in Chicago and continued to be listed as an architect in the 1930 U. S. Census. He was identified as a "engineering inspector" employed in "building construction" in the 1940 Census.
19 West Jackson Boulevard (1935), Chicago, Illinois.
5427 N. Kenmore Ave. Apartments, Chicago, Illinois.
a. Western Architect of June 1908 notes "Paul V. Hyland, for a number of years a prominent member of the Chicago Architectural Club, has opened offices of the practice of architecture at 1601 Hayworth Building, Chicago." A catalogue of the annual exhibition of the Chicago Architectural Club in 1912 lists Hyland as an active member since 1900. The 1909 Chicago Central Business & Office Building Directory lists Hyland at "1601, 42 Madison."
b. The partnership of Hyland and Green is reflected in the records of several projects in Lincoln, Nebraska from 1910 and 1911, in Chicago directories through 1913. Their office was at 29 East Madison in 1912-13. By 1914, Paul V. Hyland remained at the East Madison office, while Herbert H. Green had relocated to #1329 at 30 North Michigan Avenue.
c. American Contractor of April 18, 1914 carries both the announcement of the dissolution of the partnership of Hyland & Green and a description of a major project by Hyland: "Muscatine, Ia.--Hotel: 7 sty & bas. 141x60. $150,000. Muscatine. Archt. Paul V. Hyland...Chicago. Owner's name withheld. Hull & Leyman, mgrs., Peoria, Ill. Architect taking bids on struct. iron and steel and plumbing; other branches later." The May 16, 1914 edition identified the owner as Muscatine Hotel Co., increased the estimated cost to $200,000, and added the following descrption: "Press brick, terra cotta trim, granite base, fireproof construction, composition roof, struct. iron & steel, orn. iron, galv. iron skylights & gutters."
d. American Contractor describes this project in April, 1916 as "Bank: $20,000. 2 sty....Plans in progress. Press brk. & stone."
e. Improvement Bulletinin 1909 describes this bank "for the Cook Musser Co." as a two-story building, 40x80, "to cost $60,000."
f. American Contractor first listed this project in 1919, but in 1920 indicated it was "in abeyance" as the bids were too high. Not until 1921 was it announced that contracts had been let.
g. American Contractor of April 8, 1922 described this project as "Administration Bldg.: $250,000. 4 sty. & bas. 110x166. Sheridan rd. & Loyola. Archt. Paul V. Hyland...Finishing plans. Excav." Chicago Tribune of June 4, 1922 reported that Hyland "has drawn plans for a $260,000 administration and faculty building...[to]...be the central building and fourth of the college group and will front on the lake."
h. Hyland's partner Corse was Chicago architect Redmond P. (Prindeville or Prindiville) Corse (1888-1971). Redmond P. Corse joined the Illinois Chapter of the AIA in 1915, when his uncle Charles H. Prindeville (1867-1947) was chapter president. Corse's Draft Registration Card in 1917-1918 indicated his profession was "architect" and his employer was Charles H. Prindeville Company. Corse was unmarried and was listed as an architect in the U. S. Census of 1930; included in his household was his widowed mother Mary P.(Prindeville) Corse. R. P. Corse died in Chicago in 1971. See also Redmond Prindiville [sic] Corse family tree on Ancestry.com, accessed March 1, 2016: http://person.ancestry.com/tree/1008393/person/-2016398536/story
NB: The Rogers Park/West Ridge Historical Society (Chicago) website, apparently based on the Chicago Landmarks Historic Resources Survey, identifies the partners as Clifford F. Hyland and Murray Pichot Corse. Site accessed June 12, 2016: http://rpwrhs.org/w/index.php?title=Hyland_%26_Corse This identification is most likely erroneous as C. F. Hyland (1911-1994) was a young teenager when the first known Hyland & Corse project was undertaken, and Murray P. Corse (1884-1966) was born, practiced architecture, and died in Massachusetts.(E. F. Zimmer)
i. The Art Institute of Chicago's archival holding of Hyland materials has a very informative finding aid prepared in 2016, detailing several of Hyland's commissions and mention lists of his projects, including seventeen banks. The collection is described as "Architectural drawings, printed papers, typescript papers, photocopies and black and white photographic prints," constituting one linear foot (two boxes) and flat files. "Hyland's best-known work includes: the 180 West Washington Boulevard Building, the Lyon & Healy Building and several buildings for Loyola University." Hyland & Green designed a large Chicago factory for the musical instrument makers Lyon & Healy in 1913. The 180 West Washington Building is the Equitable Building of 1928 by Hyland and Corse, and various Loyola University buildings associated with Hyland are known.
j. American Contractor in July 1916 describes this as as $50,000 project to build a two-story bank and office measuring 77.9-by-66 feet at 100 E. Broadway, Monmouth. The neo-classical, brick and stone building is inscribed "1870 National Bank of Monmouth 1916," but now serves as City Hall.
k. The cost of this two-story, 50-by-88-foot bank was estimated in American Contractor at $100,000.
l. 1801 S. Indiana is now (2016) the field house of the Chicago Women's Park & Gardens. It is adjacent to the Glessner House by H. H. Richardson.
m. Chicago's Inter Ocean newspaper of December 31, 1903, reporting on the horrific fire at the Iroquois Theater, identified the building's designer as Chicago architect Benjamin H. Marshall, who was in Pittsburgh at the time of the conflagration. Reportedly "he called up his office in the Cable building. Paul V. Hyland, his assistant and colaborer [sic] on the plans of the Iroquois theater, had gone to the fire...Turning from the telephone after the conversation with his principal, Mr. Hyland, in response to numerous questions, declined to discuss the fire." Over six hundred perished in the fire, which led to changes in theater design, especially relating to exiting. For a biography on Marshall, see Benjamin H. Marshall: Chicago Architect by John Zukowski & Jean Guarino, New York: Acanthus Press, 2016.
n. In 1953, Los Angeles Times noted the 55th wedding anniversary of "Major Paul V. Hyland" and Mrs. Hyland, celebrated at the South Pasadena home of Mrs. & Mrs. Paul V. Hyland Jr. Also in attendance were son Richard M. Hyland of San Marino and his wife, while two other children, Mrs. James P. Ward of Arlington, Virginia and Robert J. Hyland of Goose Bay, Laborador "sent congratulations." The brief article concluded "Maj. Hyland is still active in the field of modern architecture. He began his career as an architect and engineer in 1895 in Chicago."
1. Personal correspondence from Wayne Temple (Senior Deputy Director, Illinois State Archives), to Justin Van Mullem (Lincoln Planning Dept.), July 14 and 23, 1995; on file, Lincoln/Lancaster County Planning Dept., Lincoln, Nebraska.
2. Ancestry.com. Cook County, Illinois, Marriages Index, 1871-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
3. The Western Architect 11:6 (June, 1908), V.
4. Social Security Death Index lists Hyland's date of birth as 12 May 1876; California Death index provides his date of death as 26 June 1966. Ancestry.com. California, Death Index, 1940-1997 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.
5. “James L. Kraft,” Wikipedia, accessed May 20, 2011, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_L._Kraft
6. “Hidden Loyola: Alumni Gym,” Loyola University Libraries, Digital Special Collections website, accessed May 20, 2011, http://www.lib.luc.edu/specialcollections/exhibits/show/hidden-loyola/west_quad
7. Site Inventory Form, State Historical Society of Iowa, accessed February 25, 2016, http://musserpubliclibrary.org/uploads/2012/04/FS-043-100-104-W-2nd-St-70-00152.pdf
8. Council of Independent Colleges, Historic Campus Architecture Project, accessed May 20, 2011, http://puka.cs.waikato.ac.nz/cgi-bin/cic/library?a=d&d=p1000
9. Molly Myers Naumann, “Architectural and Historic Resources of Mount Pleasant, Iowa” National Register of Historic Places: Multiple Property Documentation Form (Mount Pleasant: City of Mount Pleasant, Iowa, May, 1991), accessed May 20, 2011, http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/64500172.pdf
10. Book of the Twenty Fifth Annual Exhibition of the Chicago Architectural Club, in the galleries of the Art Institute of Chicago, April 9 to April 28, 1912", accessed May 20, 2011, http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/pubs/1912/AIC1912ChiArClub25thAn_comb.pdf
11. Frank Randall, The History of the Development of Building Construction in Chicago (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1949).
12. Architectural Record (June 1927), 113 (advertisements).
13. Western Architect (July 1928), inside front cover.
14. American Contractor (April 18, 1914), 22; (May 16, 1914), 45.
15. American Contractor (July 31, 1915), 15, 38, 87; (October 2, 1915), 56, 95.
16. Improvement Bulletin (January 2, 1909), 24; (October 9, 1909), 25.
17. American Contractor (June 8, 1918), 39.
18. American Contractor (October 11, 1919), 42; (May 29, 1920), 42; (February 19, 1921), 55.
19. American Contractor (January 24, 1920), 37; (May 29, 1920), 42.
20. American Contractor (May 29, 1920), 40. Estimated cost, $80,000.
21. American Contractor (December 25, 1920), 40.
22. American Contractor (March 5, 1921), 62. Estimated cost, $175,000.
23. American Contractor (June 11, 1921), 45. Estimated cost, $80,000.
24. American Contractor (December 17, 1921), 48. Estimated cost, $90,000.
25. American Contractor (April 8, 1922), 48.
26. American Contractor (July 29, 1922), 36.
27. Construction News (January 9, 1915), 9.
28. Construction News (December 18, 1915), 6.
29. Book of the Twenty Fifth Annual Exhibition of the Chicago Architectural Club, in the galleries of the Art Institute of Chicago, April 9 to April 28, 1912, 10. Accessed March 1, 2016, http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/pubs/1912/AIC1912ChiArClub25thAn_comb.pdf
30. Redmond Prindiville [sic] Corse, found in Ancestry.com. U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.
31. Redmond P. Corse, found in Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002.
32. Redmond Corse, found in Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2011.
33. "Paul Vincent Hyland papers," in the archival collection "Chicago Commercial, Residential, & Landscape Architecture, Pre-WWII." Art Institute of Chicago. Accessed March 2, 2016: http://www.artic.edu/research/archival-collections/finding-aids-subject/chicago-commercial-residential-landscape
34. American Contractor (April 1, 1916), 56; and (April 15, 1916), 28.
35. American Contractor (July 22, 1916), 45.
36. American Contractor (April 28, 1917), 15.
37. American Contractor (April 21, 1917), 23; (April 28, 1917), 15.
38. American Contractor (May 17, 1917), 46.
39. American Contractor (February 16, 1918), 45.
40. "Chicago Landmarks Historic Resources Survey, 6650 N. Glenwood Avenue," on Rogers Park/West Ridge Historical Society website, accessed June 12, 2016. http://rpwrhs.org/w/index.php?title=6650_N._Glenwood_Avenue
41. Paul V. Hyland Papers, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago, 2016. Finding aid accessed on-line June 12, 2016. http://digital-libraries.saic.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/findingaids/id/15734/rec/1
42. Book of the Twenty Fifth Annual Exhibition of the Chicago Architectural Club, in the galleries of the Art Institute of Chicago, April 9 to April 28, 1912 accessed May 20, 2011, http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/pubs/1912/AIC1912ChiArClub25thAn_comb.pdf
43. American Contractor (May 1, 1909), 59. Accessed June 22, 2016, s.v. "Hyland," on Chicago Historical Society's "Index to the American Contractor's Chicago Building Permit Column, 1898-1912." http://www.chsmedia.org/househistory/1898-1912permits/search.asp
44. American Contractor (October 23, 1909), 37. Accessed June 22, 2016, s.v. "Hyland," on Chicago Historical Society's "Index to the American Contractor's Chicago Building Permit Column, 1898-1912." http://www.chsmedia.org/househistory/1898-1912permits/search.asp
45. "Start Work on New Building at Loyola 'U'. Administration Hall to cost $260,000." Chicago Tribune (June 4, 1922), 7.
46. "Façade of the New Iroquois Theater," Chicago (Illinois) Tribune (March 28, 1903), 5 (illustrated).
47. "Architect Marshall Dazed by the Awful Disaster," The Inter Ocean (Chicago, Illinois) (December 31, 1903), 4.
48. "Iroquis Theatre fire," Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Accessed March 21, 2018 on-line at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iroquois_Theatre_fire
49. Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. s.v. "Paul Highland." Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
50. "Valley Wedding Jubilees...Paul V. Hyland," Los Angeles (California) Times (August 16, 1953), VI-11.
51. Personal communication, John Hyland (grandson of PVH, son of PVH, Jr.) to E. F. Zimmer, May 22 & 23, 2018.
E. F. Zimmer “Paul V. Hyland (1876-1966), Architect,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, May 29, 2019. http://www.e-nebraskahistory.org/index.php?title=Place_Makers_of_Nebraska:_The_Architects Accessed, May 25, 2020.
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