John Henry Willis Hawkins (1855-1923), Architect

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Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 1878-1886 and 1895-1901; Lincoln, Nebraska, 1886-1890; Omaha, Nebraska, 1890-1894; and Jacksonville, Florida, 1902-1922

DBA: J. H. W. Hawkins

Born in Glen Falls, New York to Rev. William G. and Narcissa Hawkins in 1855, John H. W. Hawkins was the grandson and namesake of a leading temperance crusader.[20][21][a] The architect J. H. W. Hawkins was educated at Cornell University, graduating in 1877. By 1878, he was advertising as an architect in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and carried out a very active practice there through 1885. While in Wilkes-Barre, he married Mary Murray in 1881. Hawkins opened an office in Lincoln, Nebraska in 1886, where his father was an Episcopal minister. The architect opened an Omaha office by 1890 but probably resided in Lincoln most of that year, before relocating. He left Omaha to return to Wilkes-Barre for another brief but productive spell from about 1895 to 1902. He completed his career with two decades of practice in Jacksonville, Florida from 1902 through 1922. He died in Denver, Colorado on February 17, 1923.[10][22][27][104][107][146][d][ai][ak]

This page is a contribution to the publication, Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. See the format and contents page for more information on the compilation and page organization.

Judge Morris House, 1887 (D. Murphy)

Compiled Nebraska Directory Listings

Lincoln, Nebraska, 1886-1890

Omaha, Nebraska, 1890-1894

Educational & Professional Associations

1874-1877: Cornell University, architecture degree.[24]

1878-1886: architect, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[11]23][49][54][59][60][j]

1886-1890: architect, Lincoln, Nebraska.[16][25][26][61][b][j]

1886-1887: employed G. W. Peters as draftsman, then as architect

1887: employed J. H. Craddock as draftsman.

1889: employed Henry W. Orth as "foreman", Lincoln, Nebraska.[105][aj]

1889: director, Wellfleet Real Estate and Improvement Company, Lincoln County, Nebraska.[101][ag]

1889: architectural photographer[102][ah]

1890-1894: architect, surveyor, and superintendent, Omaha, Nebraska.[c]

1895-1901: architect, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[12][120][au]

c.1896-1901: employed Frank B. R. Sahm as draftsman.[138]

1902-1922: architect, Jacksonville, Florida.[13][14][18][138][au]

1923: died, Denver, Colorado.[10]]

Buildings & Projects

1878-1885, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

Hawkins quickly established himself as an architect in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, with numerous commissions including the high school, commercial buildings, a church and residences.

Project "for erecting an arch at the corner of Market and River streets" (1878), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[31]

Band pavilion "on the Common on the river bank" (1878), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[32]

Three-story brick hotel for P. McPike (1878), Kingston, Pennsylvania.[56][l]

High School (1880-1881), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[33][44][g]

Plans for Saint Stephen's Church, "one for remodeling and the other for a new edifice entire" (1881), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[57]

Ella G. Turner house (1881-1882), Franklin Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[34][38][41][44][h]

Block of stores for J. B. Wood (1882), South Main Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[35][38][44]

Block of dwellings for H. S. Rutter (1882), River Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[35][38][41]

German Reform Church (1882), Plymouth, Pennsylvania.[35]

"A large summer hotel in the west" (1882).[35]

"A new residence for a gentleman" (1882), West Pittston, Pennsylvania.[35]

Brick block for A. B. Brown (1882), Pittston, Pennsylvania.[36][44]

Chapel for First Presbyterian Church (1882), Saint Clement and Lockhart Streets, South Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[37][39][41]

Smaller house for Mrs. Ella G. Turner (1882), South Franklin Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[38][41][h]

Wilkes-Barre Female Seminary (1882), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[38][41]

T. H. Atherton house (1882), South Main Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[38][41][44]

Three-story brick store and dwelling for M. H. Post (1882), West Market Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[38]

New roof for Luzerne County Prison (1882), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[39][41]

Brick Sunday School building for Memorial Church (1882), North Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[39][41]

Alterations to S. L. Brown's store (1883), south side of the Public Square, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[40][44][i]

Three-story brick building for Union Leader/J. K. Bogert (1883-1884), North Main Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[42][43][44]

Public school building (1884 or before), Pittston, Pennsylvania.[44]

Public school building for Kingston Township School Board (1884), Forty Fort, Pennsylvania.[44][46]

Public school building (1884 or before), Tunkhannock, Pennsylvania.[44]

L. C. Paine store (1884 or before), Public Square, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

R. J. Flick block (1884 or before), South Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

A. T. McClintock block (1884 or before), Franklin Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

Benjamin Reynolds residence (1884 or before), River Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

A. J. Dietrick residence (1884 or before), Franklin Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

Three-story brick dwelling for H. H. Derr (1884), River Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44][47]

S. W. Townsend residence (1884 or before), Union Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

W. G. Carpenter residence (1884 or before), Union Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

William Puckey residence (1884 or before), Jackson Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

G. S. Ferris residence (1884 or before), West Pittston, Pennsylvania.[44]

Palmer Steele residence (1884 or before), West Pittston, Pennsylvania.[44]

Albert Lewis cottage (1884 or before), Bear Creek, Pennsylvania.[44]

W. J. Harvey cottage (1884 or before), Bear Creek, Pennsylvania.[44]

George Smith cottage (1884 or before), Bear Creek, Pennsylvania.[44]

Andrew Hunlock cottage (1884 or before), Harvey's Lake, Pennsylvania.[44]

L. C. Paine cottage (1884 or before), Glen Summit, Pennsylvania.[44]

Jewish Synagogue (1884 or before), Washington Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[44]

Grace Chapel (1884 or before), Bear Creek, Pennsylvania.[44]

Chapel (1884 or before), Alden, Pennsylvania.[44]

Top Knot House (1884 or before), Bear Creek, Pennsylvania.[44]

Design for a Casino (1884), South Main Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[45]

Brick skating rink for Theodore F. Ryman, S. L. Brown, and E. T. Long (1884), corner Washington and Market Streets, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[46][58]

Two-story frame cottage for Hawkins family (1884), Glen Summit, Pennsylvania.[47][49][j]

Two-story brick toll house for Wilkes-Barre Bridge Company (1885), River Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[48]

Three-story "combination dwelling" for the Misses Alexander (1885), River Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[48]

Three-story brick dwelling for C. W. Bixby (1885), South Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[48]

Remodeling interior of Luzerne County Court House (1885), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[48][52]

Three-story brick factory for Wilkes Barre Lace Company (1885), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[50]

Three-story brick school house for Kingston (1885), Kingston, Pennsylvania.[51]

Frame school house for Borough of Wyoming (1885), Wyoming, Pennsylvania.[53]

1886-1890, Lincoln, Nebraska

Hawkins removed to Lincoln, Nebraska in 1886, where his father was an Episcopal minister. A report on Lincoln's rapid growth in 1886 noted Artemas Roberts, John J. Kouhn, and Hawkins "have been the principal architects" of that year and that Hawkins also designed "some of the most elegant residences ever erected in the city." By 1888, Hawkins was reported to have seven employees in his office. Lincoln was in a period of expansion and Hawkins' commissions included large commercial buildings, churches, schools and mansions.[61][72[j]

Montgomery & Billingsley Blocks (1886). (Lincoln Picturesque)
R. O. Phillips house (1888-1890). (D. Murphy)
St Matthias Episcopal Church (1888-1889). (D. Murphy)

Richard C. Outcault (later F. M. & Anna Hall) house (1886), NW corner 11th & D Streets, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][bg]

Two-story frame house for Charles Hammond (1886-1887), 17th & J (609 S 17th), Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][62][64][65][69][80][83][94][m][ab]

Receiving Vault (1886), Wyuka Cemetery, Lincoln, Nebraska.[3][71]

Montgomery & Billingsley Blocks (1886), SE corner of 11th & N (204 S 11th), Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][3][17][62][66][69][132:6]

Odell Dining Hall (c. 1886-1887), 1121-1123 N Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1]

J. J. Imhoff house (1886-1887), 1201 J Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][5][62][67][69][73][94][ab] (cost $35,000)

Two-story frame house for John Zehrung (1886), SW corner of 11th & D Streets, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][62][68][69][73][94][ab] (cost $20,000)

J. D. McFarland house (1886-1887), NW corner of 14th & Q (316 N 14th)Streets, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][3][5][16][17][62][69][73][83][94][132:2,3][ab] (cost $40,000)

Albert Watkins House (1886), 920 D St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][7][69][73] (LC13:C07-791)

First Baptist Church (1886-1887), NW corner of 14th & K Streets, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][62][69][83]{94][ab]

Milford Sanitarium and Health Resort (1886), Milford, Nebraska.[1][62][70][155][bh]

F. C. Johnson house (c. 1886), Milford, Nebraska.[1]

William M. Leonard house (1886), E Street between 9th & 10th, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][73]

E. R. Guthrie house (1886), 27th & N (260 S 27th St.), Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][73]

J. E. Reed, M.D.,(later Joseph Swain) house, (1886), 1612 F St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][73]

LeGrand G. Baldwin house (1886), University Place (now Lincoln), Nebraska.[1][73][114][aq]

Smith & Fillebrown building (1887), Geneva, Nebraska.[1][149][bd]

Project for National Lumber Company (1887), south side of O Street between 8th & 9th, Lincoln, Nebraska.[74][76][77][o][p]

A. J. Buckstaff building (1887), 736 O St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[76]

"Plans for a grandstand...on the Lincoln base ball grounds (1887), Lincoln, Nebraska.[75][r]

Thomas P. Kennard house (1887), 1645 H St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][78][83][94][q][ab]

H. H. Dean house (1887), 8th & U Streets, Lincoln, Nebraska.[83][u]

Proposal for Nebraska Wesleyan University (1887), University Place, Nebraska.[79][s]

A. D. Burr house (1887), 1906 D St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][62][80][83][84][94][v]

C. F. Imhoff house (1887), 1826 D St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[85][w]

H. C. Parker house (1887), 1429 S. 21st St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[80]

C. F. Murray house (1887), 2214 T St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[80]

Two-story frame school house (1887), Omaha, Nebraska.[89]

Frame house for D. G. Courtnay (1887), 18th & L Streets, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][62][93][94][y][ab] (Estimated cost $10,000)

Proposal for a brick block (1887), West Lincoln, Nebraska.[81][154][aa]

John H. W. and Mary Hawkins House (1887-1889), NE corner of S 20th & Washington (1436 S. 20th), Lincoln, Nebraska.[3][17][27][28][94][132:15][d][ab] (estimated cost $10,000)

Judge W. H. Morris house (1887-1888), 1039 Forest, Crete, Nebraska.[1][7] (SA01-006)

"Industrial college building" (a.k.a. "Old Nebraska Hall") (1887-1888), 11th & T, University of Nebraska City Campus, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][4][86][87][90][94][ab] Demolished, 1961.

Clarendon hotel & brick stores (1887-1888), Fairmont, Nebraska.[1][88][117][[#Notes[as]]]

Fairmont Public School (before 1892, probably c. 1887-1888), Fairmont, Nebraska.[1]

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church (1887-1888), 1200 J St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][9][16][62][83][91][103][153][x] Demolished. (LC13:C08-320)

Second (Plymouth) Congregational Church (1887-1888), NW corner 17th & A Sts., Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][62][92][94][ab]

William G. and Agnes Maitland house (1887-1888), 1848 Prospect, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][115]

C. T. Brown house (1887-1888), "on Pleasant Hill" (1510 S. 22nd), Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][85][114][aq]

T. W. Harvey business house (by 1888), Lincoln, Nebraska.[62]

William J. and Mary Bryan House (1888), 1625 D Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.[111][am]

Proposal for Lancaster County Courthouse (1888), Lincoln, Nebraska.[96][ad]

Dean & Horton's Block (1888), Lincoln, Nebraska.[62]

John and Henry Zehrung Building (1888), 141 S 12th St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][97]

H. C. McArthur house (1888), 1820 C St., Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][114][119][aq]

Warren M. Rogers house (1888), 2704 Farnam St., Omaha, Nebraska.[1][bb]

M. Berdolt & Son building (c. 1888), Seward, Nebraska.[1]

Benjamin F. Smith house (c. 1888), Omaha, Nebraska.[1][148][bc]

R. O. Phillips house (1888-1890), 1845 D St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][7][16][95][ac] (LC13:D07-0042)

St Matthias Episcopal Church, now Dietz United Methodist Church (1888-1889), 1423 S 10th, Omaha, Nebraska.[1][3][6][7][8][16][17][132:4,5] (DO09:0115-003) National Register narrative

Building for C. H. Meeker (1888-1889), McCook, Nebraska.[1][98][ae]

George K. Brown house (1889), 2206 Washington, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][118][at]

David W. Brown house (1889), 2216 Washington, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][118][at]

First National Bank (1888), Broken Bow, Nebraska.[1][116][ar]

Bonacum Institute (Catholic School) (1889), 1330 M Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][113[ap]

George Hocknell house (1889), McCook, Nebraska.[1][99][af]

Palace Livery Stable for C. E. Montgomery (1889), 1121 M St, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][2][100]

Project for "K. P." (Knights of Pythias?) building (1889), either at the SE corner of 11th & M or at 13th & O, Lincoln, Nebraska.[100]

Guy & Mary Brown house (1889), 255 South 27th Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.[16][112][ao]

George W. Smith house (1890), west side 12th between I & F Streets, Geneva, Nebraska.[1][7][150] (FM05-031)

1890-1894, Omaha, Nebraska

Hawkins gained commissions outside Lincoln, including in Omaha, during his few years in the capital city. In 1890 he opened an Omaha office and late that year he announced he was selling his new house in Lincoln and relocating to Omaha. He continue to gain commissions in both cities until the economic downturn of 1893 prompted him to revisit, and then relocate to, Wilkes-Barre.[104][107]

George Warren Smith Building (c. 1890), 1213-15 Harney, Omaha, Nebraska.[7][8][an] (DO09:0123-026)

St. Luke's Episcopal Church (1890), Wymore, Nebraska.[1][147]

Trinity Hall for Worthington Military Academy, (1891), Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][16][19][106][156]

Blakeman Public School (before 1892), Blakeman, Nebraska.[1]

Ohiowa Public School (before 1892), Ohiowa, Nebraska.[1]

Callahan Block - Mid-City Music (1892), 321 N 16th, Omaha, Nebraska.[8] (DO09:0125-005)

Country Residence (c. 1890-1895), Omaha, Nebraska.[17]

Design for Hotel Blakely (1892), Beatrice, Nebraska.[29][e]

Hotel (1892), Main and Shine, Deadwood, South Dakota.[30][f]

Residential project for Guy C. Barton (ca. 1892), Omaha, Nebraska.[1][16]ao]

Herman Kountze house/"Forest Hill" (ca. 1892), 1207 S. 10th St., Omaha, Nebraska.[1][16]

W. R. Matthews House (ca. 1892), 802 Worthington St., Omaha, Nebraska (DO09:0064-002) (Attribution questioned in NeHBS)

1895-1902, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

When Hawkins visited Wilkes-Barre in January 1894, a Pennsylvania newspaper reported Hawkins had been very successful in "the West," but recently had found business conditions "somewhat dull out there." He reopened a Wilkes-Barre practice by 1895, along with teaching architectural drawing at the YMCA. By 1897, he secured the commission for the very large Hotel Sterling, along with many residences and business blocks. A Wilkes-Barre newspaper in December 1898 called him "A man of thorough professional training, supplemented by a large and varied experience in the practical workings of his profession," and declared "Mr. J. H. W. Hawkins is unquestionably the leading architect of this section."[107][128][ak]

Remodeling Dorrance house (1896), West Side, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[110][132:10]

Charles Casper & Son Building (1896), west side of South Canal, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[121}[128][132:7]

George H. Butler House (1896), on the Butler farm on the West Side, between Wyoming avenue and Rutter street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[122]

Hotel Sterling (1897), 47-65 West Market, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[12][123][127][132:18-30]

Five-story building for clothier Simon Long (1897), South Main Street, corner of Dennis alley, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[124][128][132:1]

Isaac M. Thomas residence (1897), West River Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[125][128]

Townsend Bros. Livery Stable (1897), North Franklin Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[108]

A. L. Davenport House (1897), 272 S. River, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[109][132:12][al]

Dr. H. N. Young House/Max Roth Center of Wilkes University (1898), "on his lot a few doors below South" (215 S. Franklin), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[12][126][128][132:11]

Ben Morgan House (by 1898), 293 S. Franklin, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[128][132:13]

George Rickover House (by 1898), 18-20 West Ross, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[128][132:9]

Block of Stores for Mebane, Ribble and Henninges (by 1898), 60-64 North Main Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[128][132:16]

Two-story frame house for Mrs. H. S. Miller (1898-1899), South River Street between Rose and Academy, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[129]

Proposal for Luzerne County Courthouse (1899), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[130]

Boys' Industrial Association (B.I.A.) building (Hawkins prepared plans gratis) (1899-1900), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[131]

Indian Springs hotel (1899), Indian Springs, Indiana.[133][151][ax][be]

Repairs and modern improvements to house for D. C. Megan (1899), North Franklin Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[134]

Three-story frame grocery store for Frank A. Flock (1899), corner of West River and Academy, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[135]

Large hotel (1900), Atlantic City, New Jersey.[136]

D. E. Frantz residence (1900), corner of Cary Avenue & Hanover Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[137]

1902-1922, Jacksonville, Florida

Following a major fire in May, 1901 that destroyed over 2,300 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida, Hawkins moved to Jacksonville and opened an office there, where he finished his career designing churches, residences, commercial and institutional buildings in Jacksonville and regionally.

McConihe Building (1902), West Bay and Main Streets, Jacksonville, Florida.[139:D-28]

Guaranty Trust & Savings Bank (1902), 101 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida.[139:D-25]

Herkimer Block (1902), 136 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida.[139:D-20]

Snyder Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church (1902-1903), 226 North Laura St, Jacksonville, Florida.[15][139:D-74][140]

Senator James P. Taliaferro house (c. 1902), probably 239 W. Church, Jacksonville, Florida.[145][az]

Alexander Sabel house (c. 1904-1905), probably 624 Laura, Jacksonville, Florida.[145][az]

Hill Building (1907), corner of Main and Liberty, Gainesville, Florida.[141][ay]

Augustus V. S. Smith house (c. 1909), 1662 Stockton Street, Jacksonville, Florida.[145][146][az][ba]

Harold Weston bungalow (before 1908), Jacksonville, Florida.[144]

Gainesville Masonic Lodge No. 41 (1908-1909), 215 North Main Street, Gainesville, Florida.[7][143]

Young Men's Hebrew Association (1914), 712 West Duval Street, Jacksonville, Florida.[139:LV-20]

Herman S. Griggs house, (c. 1914-1915), 2956 Riverside Avenue, Jacksonville, Florida.[145][az]

George Hall bungalow (1915), probably 654 South Ridgewood Avenue, Daytona Beach, Florida.[142][az]


J. E. Cohen house (n.d.), Jacksonville, Florida.[145]

William S. Ware house (n.d.), Jacksonville, Florida.[145]

Samuel G. Hubbard house (n.d.), Jacksonville, Florida.[145]

J. H. W. Hawkins house (n.d.), Riverside, Jacksonville, Florida.[145]

Attributed Projects

Clarence T. Doty house (ca. 1900), 510 Lomax Street, Jacksonville, Florida.[152][bf]

Displays and Publications

1889, "showing of architectural photographs made by Mr. J. H. W. Hawkins," Art Hall, Nebraska State Fair.[102][ah]

1899, J. H. W. Hawkins, Examples of Architecture by J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect, Wilkes-Barre, PA (compiled by M. F. Gainey).[132][aw]

1908, "Residence of Mr. Harold Weston, Jacksonville, Fla." (photo and plan, p. 36), Editor of the "Architects' and Builders' Magazine," Bungalows, Camps and Mountain Houses, (New York: Wm. T. Comstock, 1908).


a. Rev. William George Hawkins, the father of the architect, published a biography of his father John H. W. Hawkins (1798-1858), focusing on his struggles with alcohol and his conversion to become a temperance crusader.[20][21]

b. In March 1886, a newspaper in Lincoln, Nebraska noted that "J. H. W. Hawkins, an architect of Wilkesbarre, Pa., and son of Rev. W. G. Hawkins of this city, has decided to locate in Lincoln, and will probably be ready for business by April 1st." Another paper announced his office location in Richards' block and noted "Mr. Hawkins is a graduate of Cornell university, New York, and a quiet unassuming gentleman who desires the evidence of his work to be his best recommendation." In early April Nebraska State Journal reported that "J. H. W. Hawkins, architect, opened the doors to his apartments in Richards' block to the public today. His rooms are elegant, and display of work, drawings and plans are excellent specimens from an artist, and none but a professional could compare with the showing by Mr. H. There were a large number of visitors today and each full of praise from what they had witnessed."[25][26][63]

c. In 1890 Hawkins was included in both the Lincoln and Omaha city directories, with office addresses listed in both but a residential address (1431 S. 20th) only in Lincoln--at the large house he had designed and built just a few years before. He continued to be listed in both directories in 1891, with his residential address still listed in Lincoln (without an office address, and without mention among "Architects" in the business section of the Lincoln directory). In the Omaha volume for 1891, for Hawkins only an office address and no residence is mentioned. It appears that his transition between the cities was gradual, and that he probably maintained his Lincoln residence until 1891 or so.

By 1892, Hawkins is not listed in Lincoln, while the Omaha directories for 1892 and 1893 list both office and residential addresses for him, suggesting strongly that his relocation to Omaha was by then complete. 1894 was the last year Hawkins appeared in a Nebraska directory--in Omaha.

d. The Hawkins' own house in Lincoln was under construction by mid-1887 and the 1888 city directory indicates they were already in residence, although mechanics' liens also suggest work on the house continued into 1889. Those seven mechanics' liens filed against the property suggest the Hawkins were stressed financially by the project, at least until they sold the property for $26,000 in value September 29, 1891, discharging the final three liens on that same day. The date of the sale aligns well with the fact Lincoln city directories continued to list the family at that address through 1891, although Hawkins had an architectural office in Omaha by 1890.[27][28]

e. The (Omaha) World-Herald of July 21, 1892 reports: "The perspective of J. H. W. Hawkins of Omaha for the Hotel Blakeley at Beatrice, Neb., has just been accepted by a syndicate of capitalists headed by Mr. Blakely of that city. The cost will be $65,000." In January 1893, Nebraska State Journal reported "Affairs in connection with the new Blakely hotel have not been progressing as rapidly lately as the stockholders have desired, owing to the serious illness of the architect, Mr. Hawkins."[29]

f. The Sunday (Omaha) World-Herald of August 14, 1892 reports that after a failed project build a hotel in Deadwood, a new stock company of investors formed and "Mr. J. H. W. Hawkins, an architect of Omaha, was invited to prepare drawings, and on the formation of the company was instructed to go ahead with the work." The article goes on to describe a five-story sandstone building with frontages of 140 and 100 feet, to be completed by June 1, 1893.[30]

g. Hawkins proposed a ten room school house to the board of the Third School District of Wilkes-Barre in October 1880, with mention that "the two [rooms] on the third floor would be suitable for the High School." The plans were accepted in November, with a lengthy description in the local newspaper including that "The style is that of Queen Anne." A board committee was appointed in December 1880 to examine Hawkins' plans and specifications "with a view to recommending to the Board such alterations as shall cheapen the cost of constructing the building." That same month, revised plans were submitted by Hawkins and adopted in place of the previous plans. Later that month bids were sought from contractors and one was chosen by January 1881, when a bill from Hawkins for $230 was approved. Newspaper reports make it clear that Hawkins remained involved throughout construction, and was paid another $250 later in 1881. Dedication of the "new and commodious high school building on Washington Street" was reported in December 1881.[33][44]

A dispute over Hawkins' bill and his performance relative to his contract came before the school board in February 1882. A vignette illustrating the Wilkes-Barre High School is included in a panoramic view of the city published in 1889. See Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania Boston: Fowler, Downs & Moyer, 1881, accessed December 8, 2017 at Library of Congress, "American Memory,"

h. Ella Turner's house was described as "Three-story brick and stone dwelling house on South street, size, 40x60 feet. A handsome building with French roof, all modern improvements, steam heated, etc. J. H. Hawkins, architect, W. H. Shepard, builder."[38] Hawkins designed a smaller house for Mrs. Turner on South Franklin Street and was further credited with the design of a "Fancy brick stable in the rear of the residence on South Franklin street" for Mrs. Turner, "size 34x42."[39][41]

i. A lengthy and effusive description of the remodeled store mentions that "Mr. J. H. W. Hawkins was the architect for the alterations of the building" and that the third story will be occupied by "Mr. Hawkins, the architect."[40]

j. In 1884, Hawkins bought a lot in Wright township from the "Glen Summit Hotel and Land Co. (for $100), for which he designed and had E. T. Long build a "Two-story frame cottage at Glen Summit, 24x30. Cost $1,500." for his own family. Mention was made in the Wilkes-Barre press in June 1886 that "Mrs. J. H. W. Hawkins is preparing to join her husband, who has located in Lincoln, Neb. Architect Hawkins has sold his picturesque cottage at Glen Summit to Richard Sharpe."[47][49]

Hawkins' departure from Wilkes-Barre for Lincoln, Nebraska was first noted in November 1885 as a visit to spend Thanksgiving with his father in Lincoln, adding "He is not expected to return until next week." He was noted at various events in Wilkes-Barre in early 1886 but in April the Wilkes-Barre Record reported "Architect Hawkins, who is in Lincoln, Neb., has sent for his family, and it is said the will reside there in the future." in May 1886 a brief note indicated "Grant Behee, student under Architect H. W. Hawkins, goes to Lincoln, Neb., to continue his work on Sunday night, Mr. Hawkins having taken up his residence in that city." Two years later a Wilkes-Barre newspaper added "Mr. Grant C. Bebee, who has been with Architect Hawkins at Lincoln, Nebraska, during the past two years, arrived at his home in this city late yesterday afternoon. He likes the west, but has come home to stay. He reports Mr. Hawkins is doing well and has seven men employed in his office."[54][59][60][61]

k. Soon after Hawkins arrived in Wilkes-Barre, the Record of the Times reported "Mr. J. H. W. Hawkins, architect, who has recently opened an office, is a young man honorably known to and widely respected by the members of his profession. He is desirous of receiving into his office one or two young gentlemen, to instruct them with special reference to the elementary principles of architecture, embracing mathematics [sic], drawing and design."[55]

l. In March 1878, Record of the Times noted "Mr. J. H. W. Hawkins, architect of this city, has just completed plans and drawings for a large hotel to be erected by Mr. P. McPike, of Kingston. It will occupy the site of the hotel burned in the late fire. It will be an extensive, well appointed structure, three stories high; will be built of brick, have a French roof and all the modern improvements, and will reflect credit upon the proprietor and the architect who designed it. In the third story will be a large hall suitable for public entertainments or for Lodge purposes."[56]

m. The Lincoln Evening News noted on May 26, 1886 "The attention of our builders is called to the advertisement for bids, in this issue, for the erection of a dwelling for Charles Hammond, Esq. The designs and drawings are from the hands of our new skillful architect, Mr. Hawkins, and indicate the work to be something entirely new to this locality. It will be a decided ornament to the residence portion of our city and offers a fine opportunity for some good mechanic to make his mark." In 1887, the estimated cost of Hammond's house was reportedly $12,000. A report of January 1, 1888 raised that figure to $30,000.[65][83][94]

n. A highly laudatory article in the Nebraska State Journal of September 15, 1886 extols Hawkins' early work in Lincoln, claiming "Mr. Hawkins is certainly an architect of a high order of ability, the result in part of life long training and study. Graduating in a course of architecture in Cornell university, he studied for several years with the best architects in New York and Boston, notably Peabody & Stearns of the latter city, and afterwards resided in Wilkesbarre, Pa., where he planned and constructed many of the finest public and private buildings in the city. He left a food business there to come west, having unbounded faith in the great west. He has three fine offices in the Richards block in this city and has all the work he and a number of experienced assistants can do." (Zimmer: If Hawkins had any contact with New York or Boston architects, it could hardly have been of "several years" duration after graduating from Cornell in 1877, as he was practicing in Wilkes-Barre by 1878.)[69]

o. In an article forecasting construction activity in the upcoming year of 1887, Nebraska State Journal mentioned "National Lumber Company will put up a building of...four full stories with an attic, making virtually five stories and a high basement. Architect Hawkins is now drawing the plans and enough has been developed to show that the front will be exceedingly handsome."[74]

p. For a long article in the Nebraska State Journal of February 20, 1887, the writer interviewed architects, investors, and real estate dealers as to whether the current building boom in Lincoln "was simply a temporary traditional western boom or a substantial upbuilding of the best interests of the city." The architects quoted were Artemas Roberts, James Tyler, and J. H. W. Hawkins. At Hawkins' office, "Four men were here found busy preparing plans." Hawkins indicated he could not yet divulge several of his projects, but he did cite A. J. Buckstaff's four story business block (in the 700 block of O Street) and National Lumber Company (in the 800 block of O Street), along with First Baptist Church, and residences for J. J. Imhoff and J. D. McFarland.[76]

q. Nebraska State Journal of February 26, 1887 notes: "Architect Hawkins is preparing the plans for a very neat and comfortable residence tto be built by Hon. T. P. Kennard on the corner of J and Seventeenth streets. Mr. Kennard's old house, one of the landmarks [sic] of the southeastern part of the city, has been sold to a party whose name is not mentioned." On April 14, 1887, the same paper reported the estimated cost of Kennard's house as $9,000. A report of January 1, 1888 estimated the cost of construction as $8,000)[7883][94]]]

r. A report of February 6, 1887 in Nebraska State Journal notes "Architect Hawkins has completed his plans for the grand stand and 'roaster,' as the uncovered portion of the amphitheater is dubbed by the small boy. The structure will be exceedingly ornamental as well as comfortable." [75]

s. Hawkins was among four architects mentioned as presenting plans to the trustees of "the Wesleyan university" in February 1887. "The competing architects were Hawkins of Lincoln, Ellis of Omaha, Eckler & Mann of St. Joseph and Fuehrmann of Grand Island. It was deemed best on account of the importance of the undertaking to invite still further competition and the time for selecting the plans was postponed for one month." [79]

t. A column of West Lincoln items in the March 5, 1887 edition of Lincoln Daily News mentioned: "Architect Hawkins has in hand the plans of a three story brick and stone block of two stores and a bank on the first floor with office rooms, hall for lectures, meetings, religious exercises, etc., above. A change may be made and third story will add to the value of this new industrial center..." John Fitzgerald led the development of West Lincoln and his efforts included a two story Fitzgerald Block of 1887, probably that designed by Hawkins. Illustrated in Lincoln's Early Architecture (Hansen, McKee, and Zimmer), p. 49.[81]

u. The estimated cost of Dean's house was "over $15,000."[83]

v. On May 3 1887, the Nebraska State Journal carried a classified advertisement offering a $2 reward for "SPECIFICATIONS FOR A.D.Burr's house. Return to J. H. W. Hawkins' office, Richards' block." A description of the plans in June 1887 noted" "Architect Hawkins has the plans almost complete for a new residence for Mr. A. D. Burr, that will be one of the finest in the city. It is located corner D and 19th, and will be 53x37 on the ground, two stories with both garret and basement. The plans provide for something entirely novel used in a tasty and novel manner. Work is already progressing on the foundation." A report of January 1, 1888 estimated the cost of the house at $15,000.[84][94]

w. Designs for C. F. Imhoff's house were described in 1887 as "modeled after the plans now so popular in the east. It is a two story cottage, the front and tower to be of greenstone from the quarries in Penn. The house will be 31x40 on the ground and finely finished in the interior with natural woods and all conveniences."[85]

x. In October 1887, Nebraska State Journal reported that the Holy Trinity vestry decided "to order the work on the foundation to begin immediately" according to Hawkins' plans. "The new church will be a beautiful structure, built of stone, with an open vaulted roof. The style will be Gothic. The dimensions are 106 by 70 feet, and the estimated cost is $35,000." The church was dedicated in December 1889.[91][103]

y. Nebraska State Journal noted in October 1887 that the contract had been let for beginning construction of "Second Congregational" at 17th & A. "The plans in the office of Architect Hawkins show that this church will be exceedingly tasty and convenient. It will be built of wood. The dimensions are to be 88 by feet, with walls 16 feet high, and a tower 70 feet in height. The seating capacity will be about 600...when the building is completed it will be the finest suburban church in Lincoln. The cost will be at least $10,000."[92]

z. Nebraska State Journal of November 27, 1887 mentioned "an alarm came from L and Eighteenth streets, where the new residence of D. G. Courtnay was on fire. The fire was from a defective flue, and was communicated to the tar paper between the weatherboarding. To get at the flames the siding had to be torn off. The total loss to Mr. Courtnay will be about $150." The next day, the same newspaper declared "Architect Hawkins informs The Journal that the fire at D. G. Courtnay's new house on Saturday night was not caused by a defective flue, but by a big wood fire which was built in an unfinished grate." A report of January 1, 1888 put the cost of the house at $10,000.[93][94]

aa. John Fitzgerald platted "West Lincoln" in 1885 as president of the Nebraska Stockyards Company of Lincoln, consisting of eight block-faces of narrow commercial lots and the rest of the 24-block development devoted to 50'x142' house lots. As the name of his company indicated, he soon developed stockyards and packing plants in the vicinity, near his already-established brickyards. In the late 1880s, Lincoln newspapers were attentive to progress in the new industrial town-site. For instance, a brief article in Lincoln Daily News of March 5, 1887 reported: "Architect Hawkins has in hand the plans of a three [sic] story brick and stone block of two stores and a bank on first floor with office rooms, hall for lectures, meetings, religious exercises, etc., above. A change may be made and third story added. Whatever the dimensions it will add to the value of this new industrial centre, and encouraging for other similar structures to accommodate the demand already quite noisey for more mercantile rooms and offices." Apparently the change was not from two stories to three, but rather a change in architects. Nearly six months later, John Fitzgerald posted a "Notice to Contractors" in Nebraska State Journal of October 23, 1887 soliciting "Sealed proposals" for "the construction of a brick block at West Lincoln," and indicating that the plans and specifications could be viewed at James Tyler's office. A "West Lincoln" column in Nebraska State Journal of May 2, 1888 reported "The finishing touches are just being added to the Fitzgerald block, and it will soon be ready for occupancy. It is a handsome brick block, which would do credit to O street. It is hinted that a bank and the post-office will likely go into this building." Perhaps Fitzgerald engaged Tyler as superintendent to construct Hawkins design; more likely he rejected Hawkins' work and hired Tyler, who did several Fitzgerald projects including his home, Mount Emerald. A fine contemporary photograph of the Fitzgerald Block in West Lincoln was published in 1889 in Lincoln Picturesque and Descriptive, which is reprinted in Lincoln's Early Architecture.[81][154]

ab. Nebraska State Journal of January 1, 1888 published a very extensive listing of buildings erected in Lincoln the years before, many with individual descriptions. Only a few architects are mentioned, but the contemporary descriptions are of value and this source is cited in association with as many of the buildings as can be securely attributed from other sources.[94]

ac. Nebraska State Journal mentioned on January 24, 1888 that "Architect J. H. W. Hawkins has returned from Colorado, where he made an examination of a number of stone quarries. His object was to locate a source of supply from which to draw the material for a number of fine buildings to be erected here next season, and he reports finding exactly the thing looked for. A finer residence than the city can now boast will be built of this stone during the summer, and Mr. Hawkins will also use it in the construction of one or two important buildings in Omaha." That residence in Lincoln was seemingly the Rollo Philips house, which was announced in the same paper on January 31, 1888 with a note that "Capt. R. O. Phillips has purchased four and one half beautiful lots on the southwest corner of Nineteenth and D streets. Mr. Phillips will at once proceed to erect the finest residence in Lincoln. It will be of stone, after plans drawn by Architect Hawkins."[95]

ad. After abandoning a proposal from E. E. Myers of Detroit on the basis of cost, Lancaster County Commissioners resumed their process of seeking a courthouse design. In February 1888, Hawkins was among the thirteen architects who were "on the ground and there will be a sharp contest to secure the contract," according to Nebraska State Journal. Nebraska-based architects included Hawkins, Mendelssohn, Fisher & Lawrie, Hodgson & Son, Architects, and Ellis of Omaha; and Placey, James Tyler, and Gray of Lincoln. Hawkins presented his plan on the second day: "The first set of plans submitted at the afternoon session were those of Mr. Hawkins of Lincoln. Being on the ground Mr. Hawkins is conversant with the needs of the county and his arrangement of rooms and general features is made accordingly. The perspective view of the structure reveals a compact, solid building of attractive appearance." By February 28th, the number of sets of plans reviewed had reached sixteen, while the commissioners had reached consensus on four meriting further consideration. Hawkins was among them and received effusive praise in Nebraska State Journal. Judge C. M. Parker said "Among the plans selected by the commissioners I much prefer that of Mr. Hawkins. The arrangement of his rooms is good, and his court rooms are just perfect both in their disposal and in the matter of light and ventilation. His vaults are also good. Then I believe there is a great advantage in having a local architect, aside from the question of local pride, which is considerable, and that is from the fact that there is always, in a set of plans for such a large building some things which need explanation. Now Mr. Hawkins is right here on the grounds and this difficulty can be obviated without the least delay or expense." On March 1, Nebraska State Journal reported very briefly "The commissioners have at last decided to accept the court house plans offered by Mr. F. M. Ellis of Omaha. THE JOURNAL, as well as a majority of the people of the city, leaned toward the plans of local architects, but if an outsider is to be chosen none will object to Mr. Ellis. He is the architect of a number of our best business blocks and his work has invariably given satisfaction. His design promises to give us a fine building at a reasonable cost."[96]

ae. A brief entry in Nebraska State Journal of December 1, 1888 cited McCook Tribune in mentioning "Architect Hawkins of Lincoln, who is author of the plans for the superb building to be erected north of the Tribune office, was in the city Friday finishing the work."[98]

af. Nebraska State Journal opined on March 24, 1889 "The general impression is that Nebraska will do as much or more building this season than for several years past. There is no special activity in any particullar [sic] line, but schools, residences, and business blocks are going up in all of the thriving towns of the state. If any characteristic is to be noted, it is a tendency to more solid and artistic structures than have ever before been built in the state. It is a good sign to see plans drawn for a $30,000 residence in McCook, such as are now undergoing completion in the office of Mr. Hawkins. This house will be but very little more inexpensive than the best in the city of Lincoln, and will certainly not be a whit less beautiful. It is to be built for Mr. Geo. Hacknell [sic]." The cost is cited in a May 1889 mention at a lower figure "for an elegant $20,000 residence for Geo. Hocknell, the lumber kind out at McCook."[99][100]

ag. Nebraska State Journal of May 10, 1889 announced the pending incorporation of what was described as an international effort to establish a large sugar beet industry in western Nebraska. Architect Hawkins was a member of the board of directors; his father Rev. W. G. Hawkins was a key promoter; and C. C. Hawkins was secretary of the company.[101]

ah. Nebraska State Journal of September 11, 1889, in a report on the Nebraska State Fair: "The showing of architectural photographs made by Mr. J. H. W. Hawkins is near the west entrance [to Art Hall]. A large number of fine photographs of buildings and interiors on the city of Lincoln done by this architect make an interesting and creditable exhibit."[102]

ai. A classified advertisement in Nebraska State Journal of September 16, 1890 reads: "For Sale--Modern Dwelling and barn. As I intend moving to Omaha this fall I offer my residence and barn, occupying three lots on Pleasant Hill, for sale at an extremely low price and on easy terms. For particulars call at premises, 20th and Washington streets, or address J. H. W. Hawkins, Omaha, Neb." A "Personal" note in the same Lincoln paper on December 24, 1890 indicates "Architect Hawkins of Omaha is in the city."[104]

aj. A brief entry in Nebraska State Journal of January 2, 1890 reports the marriage in Denver of Henry W. Orth, "formerly a well known young man of Lincoln...[who] was employed in the office of J. H. W. Hawkins, the well known architect." The Lincoln city directory of 1889 lists Orth as "foreman" at 1104 O Street, Rooms 33 and 34, which was Hawkins' long-time office address. Nebraska State Journal reported on July 14, 1889 that "H. W. Orth, the architect, has accepted a position at Omaha in the office of Henry Voss." 1892 Omaha city directory list Orth as a draftsman for the Omaha architects Walker & Kimball.[105]

ak. A Wilkes-Barre paper noted in early 1894 that "J. H. W. Hawkins, the well known architect, and family are here on a visit from the West. It is about eight years since Mr. Hawkins left Wilkes-Barre, and has been well pleased with the West. For the past few months, however, it has been somewhat dull out there and he thought he would take occasion to visit hereabout for a time. He will remain east until about the 1st of February."[107]

al. An article in the Wilkes-Barre Record of the Times describes and illustrates "The handsome residence of A. L. Davenport...located on South River street and...recently completed from plans furnished by architect J. H. W. Hawkins."[109]

am. The Wilkes-Barre Sunday Leader quipped in 1896 "Architect Hawkins deserves a place in Democratic hearts. He once resided in Lincoln, Nebraska, and designed the house now occupied by Wm. J. Bryan."[111]

an. The dating of the George Warren Smith Building in Omaha's "Old Market" district is somewhat problematic, as the date of 1880 traditionally suggested places it early in his practice, while he was establishing himself in Wilkes-Barre, before his known connections with Nebraska. It seems more likely to have been part of his productive Omaha tenure from 1890-1895. (EFZimmer)

ao. Drawings by Hawkins for the Guy & Mary Brown House are extant, with copies at Lincoln/Lancaster County Planning Dept. In July 1889, Lincoln Evening News mentioned "Guy A. Brown is building a fine brick residence on the corner of Twenty-seventh and M streets." (The house was actually of frame construction. EFZimmer) Nebraska State Journal of August 7, 1889 reported "Mr. Guy A. Brown has let the contract for the main part of his new house to A. D. Harris. The foundation has been in for some time." Mr. Brown died that October (1889), in his old house adjacent to the north.[112] It is possible that the attribution to Hawkins of the Guy C. Barton house in Omaha [1][16] is due to a confusion of the Guy Brown and Guy Barton names. Pen and Sunlight Sketches of Omaha of 1892 lists twenty Lincoln residences designed by Hawkins (including Guy A. Brown's), then names a handful in other cities and "also the Trinity College at Lincoln and the residences of H. Kountz at Forest Hill, Guy C. Barton, Twenty-seventh street; W. M. Rogers and B. F. Smith in this city." Herman Kountze's house as cited is easy to identify--the 1892 Omaha directory lists "res (Forest hill) 1207 S. 10th." Guy C. Barton of Omaha, on the other hand, lived at 2103 California Street from 1885 through the 1890s, then moved into a mansion at 3522 Farnam around 1900, where he was first listed residing in the 1901 directory. (That house was built in 1892 for John Withnell, designed by Omaha architects Fisher & Lawrie.) Guy Barton did not have an apparent connection with a residence on "Twenty-seventh street," whereas Guy Brown was a long-time resident of 27th St. in Lincoln. (EFZimmer)

ap. History of the City of Lincoln (1889) includes a fine perspective rendering of the new Catholic school adjacent to St. Theresa Church on M Street, inscribed "Design for Catholic School Building in Lincoln, Neb. J. H. W. Hawkins, Archt." The drawing is signed "Henry W. Orth Del." Orth was listed as "foreman" in Hawkins' office in the 1889 directory of Lincoln. See Note aj.

aq. A Nebraska State Journal listing of "Residence Improvements" of 1888 includes "H. C. McArthur, 1820 C street, a two story dwelling house, modern conveniences; cost, $3,000." Henry and Aurelia McArthur bought Lots 7, 8 and 9 of Block 7, Capitol Addition in 1886 and sold lots 8 and 9 to Nelle Woods in 1897. Frank and Nelle Woods moved the house from 1820 C Street to 1220 S. 20th St. in 1906, where it still stands.(E. F. Zimmer, 2017) LeGrand Baldwin's house is listed in 1888 as "L. G. M. Baldwin, University place, two story residence of eleven rooms; cost, $3,000." Also listed is "C. T. Brown, Twenty-second and Washington streets, a fine residence of two stories, basement and attic. It covers a large space of ground and is splendidly finished in cherry, butternut, birch and oak, has electric call bells, hot air heat and all modern improvements; cost, $15,000."[114][119]

ar. Nebraska State Journal in 1888 reported "Mr. S. H. Burnham of this city is regarded as one of the safest and most successful young financiers of the state. The First National bank of Broken Bow, founded by him several years ago, has become a large enough institution to demand larger quarters, and a fine block will be built this season. The plans have been prepared by a Lincoln architect and its is probable that Lincoln contractors will erect the building."[116]

as. In August 1887, Nebraska State Journal advertised for sealed bids to Fairmont Hotel Company "for the erection of a brick hotel according to plans and specifications drawn by J. H. W. Hawkins, architect." In January 1888, the same paper reported in a compilation of news items on Fairmont, Nebraska: "The Clarendon our new $25,000 hotel, designed and superintended in construction by one of your Lincoln architects, will be opened to the public on Washington's birthday. Interior Nebraska cannot boast of a handsomer house."[117]

at. George K. and David W. Brown were brothers, and along with C. T. Brown operated "C. T. Brown & Bros., grain, real estate, propr's. of Standard St. Ry.," according to the Lincoln City Directory of 1891. Lincoln Evening News of 1889 listed G. K and D. W. Brown as both obtaining permits for $5,000 residences in Pleasant Hill addition. Hawkins also designed C. T. Brown's house of 1887-1888, which was south across Washington St. from his brothers' residences, on the SE corner of 22nd & Washington. C. T.'s house has been replaced by Grace Lutheran Church; George's home on the NE corner is extant but was extensively remodeled in the early 20th century; David's home retains considerable of its original appearance.(E.F.Zimmer, 2017)[118]

au. Hawkins' return to Wilkes-Barre seems to have been without much fanfare. After his visit in early 1894, he received few mentions in the local press though he caught some attention in September 1895: "Architect J. H. W. Hawkins has made a pretty model of the yacht Defender. It is now on exhibition in Carpenter's window on West Market street. It is a painstaking piece of work and is much admired." Another account said that he made the five-foot tall model "during his spare time in the last six weeks." In October 1895, he offered an architectural drawing class at the YMCA, then in January 1896 began advertising his services as an architect from an office in People's Bank building. He garnered major commissions and press attention within a few years, but his departure also seems little remarked upon. Hawkins was listed in the Wilkes-Barre directory of 1901 both among residents and architects, but only among residents in 1902--not in the business directory. Also in 1902, he was first listed in the Jacksonville, Florida directory as a resident and architect. An article in a Wilkes-Barre paper of Dec. 1902 about a draftman employed by Hawkins mentions that the architect had left Wilkes-Barre some time before.[120][138]

av. By September 1897, the big new hotel had a new name--Hotel Sterling--and a new architectural expression. An article in Wilkes-Barre Record mentions "The roof is to be flat and arranged so that it can be utilized for a roof garden if desired...Owing to these changes the opening of the new hotel will not take place for more than a year." Wikipedia provides an illustration of the Renaissance Revival style hotel constructed, and also describes its demolition in 2013.[123][127]

aw. Wilkes-Barre Times noted in April 1899: "A neat portfolio of architectural designs--one of the prettiest and most elaborate that has yet reached the TIMES office--was issued a few days ago by architect J. H. W. Hawkins. It is a publication of about forty pages enclosed in a rich dark green cover and bound together by a red silk cord. It reflects credit on its compiler, M. R. Gainey, who has had considerable experience in this line of work." Photocopy at Lincoln/Lancaster County Planning Dept. provided by Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, Wilkes-Barre, PA.[132]

ax. Wilkes-Barre Record reported in July 1899 that Hawkins left for Chicago to begin work for "Chicago railroad capitalists" on a large hotel in southern Indiana. The estimated cost of the hotel was $250,000. Reference is made that Hawkins "was for five years employed by Burlington Railroad Co. on all the work from Omaha to Denver and has an excellent endorsement from the company."|[133]]]

ay. The Gainesville Daily Sun noted in 1907: ""J. H. W. Hawkins, a well-known architect of Jacksonville who has charge of the new Hill building, now going up at the corner of East Main and East Liberty streets, has returned to that city after a couple of days spent here on professional business."[141]

az. The construction dates of Hawkins' Jacksonville houses were approximated from the city directories.

ba. Hawkins' obituary lists his survivors as his wife and four children: Mrs. A. V. S. Smith of Paonia, Colorado; Mrs. John W. Eldridge and Murry Hawkins of Los Angeles; and Lt. Kenneth Hawkins of the U. S. Navy. One of the homes Hawkins designed in Jacksonville was for Mrs. Smith and her husband Augustus.[146]

bb. The Omaha city directory of 1888 listed Warren M. Rogers' residence as "724 S. 19th; 2704 Farnam, after September 1888." The Farnam Street address remained Rogers' home address for many years after and presumably was the Hawkins-designed house. Directories seldom offer such a specific allusion to a planned relocation.

bc. The Pen & Sunlight Sketches of Omaha and Environs reference of 1892 to Hawkins designing a residence for B. F. Smith is challenging to interpret. Benjamin Franklin Smith (1830-1927) was a native of Maine, described in an Omaha newspaper of 1889 as "B. F. Smith of New York, the well known capitalist so largely interested in Omaha realty." He was involved in several commercial buildings in Omaha. Smith and his wife were frequent attendees at Omaha social events, and his brothers George Warren Smith and Francis Smith were also sometime residents of Omaha and substantial investors in Omaha real estate, banking, and loan enterprises. However, B. F. Smith and his family mostly "wintered" in Omaha, usually in a hotel, in the late 1880s and early 1890. (They may have "summered" in Rockport, Maine, where B. F. and his wife Henrietta were enumerated in the 1900 census, and where his brother George W. and Francis shared a neighboring household.) However, in November 1890, the Omaha World-Herald mentioned that "Mrs. Benjamin F. Smith and Miss Mabel Smith are to arrive in Omaha December 1, and they have taken Dr. Peabody's house for the winter. Mr. B. F. Smith and Mr. Clifton Smith are already here." Dr. James H. Peabody's house was at 1909 Capitol Avenue, and the Omaha city directory listed B. F. Smith as residing there (in 1891 only). Possibly, that was the B. F. Smith residence identified by Pen & Sunlight Sketches of Omaha in 1892. Dr. Peabody's house probably was built c. 1888, as that was the year the address was first listed in the "Numerical Index" of the Omaha directory. The 1890 Sanborn Map Co. atlas of Omaha showed 1909 Capitol Avenue as a 2.5 story house with typically irregular Queen Anne outline, a corner porch, and a 3-story tower rising next to the porch.[148]

bd. Nebraska State Journal of April 26, 1887 reported "The meat market on the corner of Court street was removed today and the excavation commenced for the erection of a two story brick building by Fillebrown & Smith."[149]

be. Indianapolis Journal of July 21, 1901 described the planned Indian Springs hotel as: "The hotel proper will be modeled after the colonial style. It will be three stories high, and will be built wholly of Bedford stone. It will have all modern equipments, and will accommodate bout four hundred guests."[151]

bf. The HABS report on this house notes: "Architect: Unknown. It has been suggested by a prominent local architect who began working after the great fire of 1901 that it [Doty house] may be the work of Bert Talley or J. H. W. Hawkins, both working in Jacksonville at that time. No records remain for either of the offices, however. ([Mellen] Greeley interview)."[152] This handsome brick house has a shaped gable on the northeast façade. If it was built prior to 1902, as estimated by the HABS report, then it pre-dates Hawkins' arrival in Jacksonville. (E. F. Zimmer)

bg. See James Tyler, Architect, Note [i], for discussion of conflicting information about attribution of the designer of R. C. Outcault's residence. As for the dating of the house at 11th & D in Lincoln, Outcault bought the site in 1884 (Lancaster Deed 20:112) but was still listed at his prior address (1118 G) in the 1885-1886 Lincoln city directory. He was first listed at 11th & D in the 1886-1887 directory ("For the Year commencing June 1st, 1886"), which also listed Charles Hammond in his Hawkins-designed new house.

bh. Nebraska State Journal reported in November 1888 that "The building committee of the Milford Sanitariun [sic] and Health Resort company...were busily engaged yesterday with Architect Hawkins in completing the arrangement for the building of the sanitariun. The contract was awarded to J. V. Consaul & Son of this place, who will commence the erection of the south wing at once."[155]


1. Pen & Sunlight Sketches of Omaha and Environs. (Chicago: Phoenix Publishing Company, 1892), 87. 978.238 P37 On-line at accessed December 12, 2017.

2. Pen & Sunlight Sketches of Lincoln: Its Growth, Resources, Commerce, Manufactures. (Chicago: Phoenix Publishing Company, [1893?]) 978.265 P37

3. Minutes of the Board of Trustees, Wyuka Cemetery, Lincoln, Nebraska, October 2, 1886; copy in Nebraska State Historical Society, historic preservation division, architects file.

4. Kay Logan-Peters, “Nebraska Hall (Old),” An Architectural Tour of Historic UNL (University of Nebraska-Lincoln, UNL Libraries, 2005). Accessed January 15, 2015.

5. “Architects in Nebraska to be Covered in Our Survey,” WPA Writers Project, Nebraska State Historical Society Collections, RG515, subject 611.

6. Landmarks, Inc. An Inventory of Historic Omaha Buildings (Omaha: City of Omaha and Landmarks Heritage Preservation Commission, 1980), 44.

7. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

8. City of Omaha Planning Department, Landmarks Heritage Preservation Commission, Database, Query on Architects, May 20, 2002; courtesy of Lynn Meyer, Preservation Planner.

9. Historic American Buildings Survey, HABS NE-35-6. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, accessed April 9, 2013,

10. [Obituary], Pittston (Pennsylvania) Gazette (March 9, 1923): 12. Accessed May 7, 2016.

11. “J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect,” (Adv) The Wilkes-Barre Record (September 11, 1884): 2. (This is a list of buildings by Hawkins in and around Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.) Accessed May 7, 2016.

12. “Walk Wilkes-Barre, Celebrating Wilkes-Barre’s Bicentennial: 1806-2006. A Self-guided tour of the historic center of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.” [ca. 2006]. Accessed May 7, 2016.

13. “Signed Note 1902 J.H.W. Hawkins Letterhead Architect Jacksonville Florida RARE.” WorthPoint Website. (Hawkins is described as newly-arrived from New York.) Accessed May 7, 2016.

14. “A Century of Fellowship – AIA Florida History,” AIA Florida, 2016. (Hawkins was in attendance at the state convention to establish the Florida Association of Architects, held in Jacksonville, December 14, 1912.) Accessed May 7, 2016.

15. “Snyder Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church – Jacksonville, FL,” Wikipedia Entries on Accessed May 7, 2016.

16. Historical and Descriptive Review of Omaha (Omaha: John Letham, [1892?]): 108.

17. Examples of Architecture by J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania [brochure, n. d.]. Photo copies of pages with Nebraska buildings courtesy of Michael J. Lewis, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 16, 1988; original at Wyoming Historical and Geological Society [New York].

18. Mrs. (H. V. S) E. H. Smith to Mr. K.K. Hoyt. Paonia, Colorado. December 26, 1923. From photocopy of a letter provided by Wyoming Historical and Genealogical Society.

19. "Square, Level and Plumb. The Corner Stone of Trinity Hall. Another Educational Institution will Soon Crown a Suburban Height," Weekly (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (June 12, 1891), 8.

20. Life of John H. W. Hawkins, Compiled by his son, Rev. William George Hawkins, A.M., Boston: Briggs & Richards, 1862. Accessed December 6, 2017 on-line at

21. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc. 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. SV for father--William George Hocking.

22. Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (April 20, 1881), 4.

23. Advertisement for J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect, in Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (January 24, 1878), 4.

24. "Obituary: John H. W. Hawkins '77," Cornell Alumni News(March 15, 1923), 297. Accessed on-line December 6, 2017 at

25. (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (March 13, 1886), 8.

26. "J. H. W. Hawkins, an architect from Wilkes-Barre, Pa., has arrived in the city..." Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening Call (March 26, 1886), 4.

27. Lancaster County (Nebraska) Register of Deeds: purchase of Lots 7-9, Block 4, Pleasant Hill Sub. (Deed 39:116, June 2, 1887, $2700); Mechanics Liens C:616 (carpentry work between July 1887-Feb. 1888, with full transcript of contract), D:25, D:45, E:3, E:320 (ironwork between Jun 1887-July 1889), E:348; sale of property (Deed 63:348, September 29, 1891, for $18,000 cash plus assuming $8,000 mortgage).

28. Examples of Architecture by J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. n.d; photocopy at Lincoln/Lancaster Planning Dept., courtesy of Wyoming Historical and Geological Society (Wilkes-Barre, PA).

29. "Real Estate Notes. Activity in Building--Some of the Late Permits," Evening World-Herald (Omaha, Nebraska) (July 21, 1892), 2; "Decided on the Plans. The New Hotel Building at Beatrice Will Soon Loom Upward," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (July 19, 1892), 1; "Beatrice in Brief," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 25, 1893), 2.

30. "Deadwoods Hotel. After Trouble and Travail It Is Now Sure of Completion," Sunday World-Herald (Omaha, Nebraska) (August 14, 1892), 6.

31. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Record of the Times (June 7, 1878), 4; Union Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (July 11, 1878), 3.

32. The Luzerne Union (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (July 17, 1878), 3.

33. (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Record of the Times (Oct. 7, 1880), 4; (November 17, 1880), 4; Union Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (December 8, 1880), 4; Daily Union Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (December 22, 1880), 4; (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Record of the Times (December 23, 1880), 2; (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Record of the Times (January 18, 1881), 4; Union Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (March 22, 1881), 4; Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (December 22, 1881), 4; Daily Union-Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (February 7, 1882), 4.

34. Daily Union-Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (January 6, 1882).

35. "Building Operations," Daily Union-Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (January 28, 1882), 4.

36. "Notice to Building Contractors," Daily Union-Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (August 2, 1882), 4.

37. "New Presbyterian Chapel," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (September 23, 1882), 4.

38. "Bricks and Mortar. Their Work in this City. A Full and Complete List of all the Buildings Finished in 1882, or now in Course of Erection--March of Progress--An Enormous Total," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 2, 1883), 1.

39. "Work of the Builders. Other Residences, Stores, etc. Erected During 1882--A Vast Outlay," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 4, 1883), 4.

40. "A Beautiful Store. Mr. S. L. Brown's Dainty Little Place on the South Side of Public Square," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (March 22, 1883), 4.

41. "Growing Wilkes-Barre. New Residences and Business Places of the Past year. A Very Remarkable Showing," (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Sunday News (April 2, 1883), 5.

42. "Builders' Work. The list of 1883's work continued--More Still to Come," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania)Record (January 2, 1884), 4.

43. Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Telephone (December 1, 1883), 3; "Council Meeting," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (December 5, 1883), 4; "Local Affairs. Brief Mention," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 3, 1884), 1.

44. Advertisement for "J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect, Office 7 North Main street, Union Leader Building, and Superintendent of...[list of 33 projects]", Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (July 31, 1884), 3.

45. "A drawing of the new Casino to be erected on South Main street, from the pen of Architect Hawkins, is on exhibition in the window of Voorhis & Murray," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (September 18, 1884), 1.

46. "Busy Builders. What Has Been Accomplished with Hammer and Trowel in this Vicinity During the Past Year," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 5, 1885), 4.

47. "Work of Builders. What Has Been Done by Bricklayers and Carpenters During the Past Year," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 8, 1885), 1.

48. "A Year's Improvements. The Work of the Builders in Wilkes-Barre During 1885. A Good Year but Few Large Works Commenced," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 1, 1886), 1.

49. "Deeds filed in the Recorder's Office for Record," Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (February 27, 1885), 3; "Saturday's Social Column...An Interesting Budget of Items About Persons Well-Known Here," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (June 12, 1886), 1;

50. Advertisement for "Sealed Proposals," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) News (March 13, 1885), 4; (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Evening Leader (March 13, 1885), 4.

51. "Kingston Notes. Crisp Curtailments from Wilkes-Barre's Brooklyn," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times Leader, the Evening News (March 30, 1885), 4; "School Building," (invitation for proposals), (June 2, 1885), 4.

52. "Notice to Contractors...for certain alterations to the Court House," The Evening Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (June 10, 1885), 4.

53. "Proposals for Erection of school house," The Evening Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (July 28, 1885), 4.

54. "Personal Intelligence," The Evening Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (May 6, 1886), 4.

55. "A Good Chance," Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (February 18, 1878), 4.

56. "A Fine House," Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (March 27, 1878), 4.

57. "St. Stephen's. Probably a New Church Edifice," Daily Union-Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (December 6, 1881), 1.

58. "Opening at the Rink," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (August 12, 1884), 4.

59. Sunday Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (November 29, 1885), 13.

60. Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (April 16, 1886), 4.

61. Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times Leader, the Evening News (June 22, 1888), 4.

62. "Lincoln in 1888. From Prairie Village to a City of 45,000 Inhabitants. Unparalleled Record," three-page feature including illustrations of six Hawkins-designed buildings and article "J. H. W. Hawkins. A Lincoln Architect Whose State and Local Achievements Speak for Themselves," Omaha (Nebraska) Daily World (March 17, 1888), 6-8.

63. Daily Evening News (Lincoln, Nebraska) (April 5, 1886), 4.

64. "Notice to Contracting Builders," Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening Call (May 25, 1886), 1 (call for proposals) and 4 (brief article).

65. "Notice to Contracting Builders," (Lincoln Nebraska) Daily Evening News (May 26, 1886), 4 (call for proposals and brief article).

66. "Notice to Contractors," Daily State Journal (Lincoln, Nebraska) (May 29, 1886), 8 (for brick block for C. E. Montgomery); (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (September 12, 1886), 4 (Capt. L. W. Billingsley's three story block).

67. "House and Barn for Sale" (by Hawkins), Daily State Journal (Lincoln, Nebraska) (June 11, 1886), 8 (to be removed from SE corner of 12th & J Streets); "Notice to Contractors," Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening News (July 17, 1886), 4 (for erection of J. J. Imhoff house).

68. "Notice to Stone Masons," Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening Call (June 30, 1886), 4; "Notice to Contractors," Lincoln (Nebraska) Daily News (July 22, 1886), 1.

69. "Lincoln's Fine Residences. And the Still Finer Ones Soon to be Built" (all designed by J. H. W. Hawkins), (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal), September 15, 1886), 8.

70. "Notice to Stone Masons," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (October 7, 1886), 8.

71. "For the Dead. A Beautiful Receiving Tomb Under Construction at Wyuka," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (October 27, 1886), 8.

72. "A Year of Prosperity. Lincoln's Growth in Population, Buildings, Railroads, Real Estate Transfers, Schools. Churches, Banks, Business Blocks, Dwellings, Street Railways, etc., etc.," Lincoln (Nebraska) Daily News (December 31, 1886), 1.

73. "J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect & Superintendent. Buildings completed or in course of erection from April 1, 1886..." (listing 14 projects), (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 6, 1887), 8.

74. "Brick and Mortar. Some Buildings that will Adorn the City of Lincoln. Before the Close of the Year 1887--Prospects for a Year of Unparalleled Activity Among Contractors and Builders--The Boom for the Coming Year Already Begun," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 23, 1887), 4.

75. "Base Ball Notes," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 27, 1887), 2; (February 6, 1887), 1.

76. "The Boom. It Strikes the Town. Past, Present and Future of Lincoln Realty. Some Facts Regarding the Activity in Lincoln Dirt. Opinions of Prominent Capitalists and Business Men that It has Come to Stay...Proposed Building Operations," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (February 20, 1887), 4.

77. Lincoln (Nebraska) News (February 4, 1887), 4.

78. (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (February 26, 1887), 8.

79. "All in Harmony. The Wesleyan University Troubles Settled Amicably--the Meeting of the Trustees Yesterday," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (February 24, 1887), 8.

80. "Mere Mention," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (March 22, 1887), 3.

81. "West Lincoln," Lincoln (Nebraska) Daily News (March 5, 1887), 2.

82. "Another New Church," Lincoln (Nebraska) Daily News (April 12, 1887), 4.

83. "Improvements. Brief Mention of a Few of the Many," Lincoln (Nebraska) Daily News (April 14, 1887), 4.

84. Lincoln (Nebraska) News (June 6, 1887), 4.

85. Lincoln (Nebraska) News (June 27, 1887), 4.

86. "A New Building" (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (July 15, 1887), 8.

87. Kay Logan-Peters, "UNL Historic Buildings: City Campus, Nebraska Hall (Old)," on-line at Accessed December 17, 2017.

88. "Notice to Contractors," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (August 9, 1887), 8.

89. "Notice to Contractors," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (September 12, 1887), 7.

90. "Notice to Contractors," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (September 17, 1887), 1.

91. "A New Temple. Work to Begin on a New Building for the Church of the Holy Trinity Immediately," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (October 11, 1887), 5; "Notice to Contractors," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (March 18, 1888), 8.

92. "The Second Congregational Church," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (October 12, 1887), 8.

93. "Two Small Fires. A Stable Destroyed--The Fine New Residence of D. G. Courtnay Saved by the Department," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal {November 27, 1887), 7; (November 28, 1887), 7.

94. "$3,000,000 Permanent Improvements in Lincoln for 1887. The Building Record for the Past Year. Homes for 10,000 People Built in a Twelvemonth. A Faithful Pen Picture of Our Progress. Three-Quarters of a Mile of Brick and Stone Business Frontage. A Round Million Dollars Spent in Residences and Nearly as Much in Business Blocks," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 1, 1888), Sec. 2:1-2. (See Note#ab.)

95. "Journal Jottings," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 24, 1888), 8; same paper, (January 31, 1888), 7.

96. "After a Courthouse. The County Commissioners Commence the Work of Examining Plans--A Large Number of Architects in the Competition," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (February 22, 1888), 2; "The Court House Question. The County Commissioners Spend the Day in Examining the Plans of Different Architects," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (February 23, 1888), 8; "The Court House Contest. The Commissioners Simmer the Matter Down to Four Sets of Designs--Lincoln has an Architect Among the Number," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (February 28, 1888), 2; (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (March 1, 1888), 7.

97. Call for sealed proposals, (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (July 1, 1888), 8.

98. "Personal," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (December 31, 1888), 8.

99. "Over the State," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (March 24, 1889), 16.

100. "Notice to Stone Contractors," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (May 6, 1889), 8.

101. "A Great Industry. A New Beet Sugar Establishment," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (May 10, 1889), 7.

102. "Children in Swarms. They have the Day at the State Fair...Art Hall," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (September 11, 1889), 5.

103. "The History of a Church. A Long Struggle Ends Triumphantly. The New House of the Holy Trinity Occupied for the First Time Last Sunday. A Brief Resume of the Principal Events in the History of the Society, With an Accurate Description of the New Church," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (December 8, 1889), 9.

104. "For Sale--City Property...For Sale--Modern Dwelling and barn," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (September 16, 1890), 5; "Personal," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (December 24, 1890), 6.

105. "Personal," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (July 14, 1889), 5; "A Former Lincoln Boy Married," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 2, 1890), 8.

106. "Lincoln and Its Suburbs--Building Activity During the Winter Months in Our City," Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening News (March 14, 1891), 4 (Trinity Hall illustrated with perspective drawing).

107. "Items about People," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Evening Leader (January 4, 1894), 8.

108. "That Large Livery Stable. The Six Story Structure to be Erected by Townsend Bros. in the Rear of Franklin Street," Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (April 6, 1897), 8; "Handsome New Barn. Largest of Its Kind in this Section--Townsend Bro.'s Enterprise," (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Sunday Leader (April 4, 1897), 3 (illustrated).

109. "Mr. Davenport's New Home. When Completed will be One of the Finest in the City," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times," (February 26, 1897), 1; "Among the Builders. Those Who are Erecting Houses, Churches, Etc.," Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) (April 23, 1897), 6.

110. Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Sunday Leader (May 31, 1896), 2.

111. Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Sunday Leader (November 15, 1896), 13; Edward F. Zimmer, Near South Walking Tour, V. 2 (Lincoln: Near South Neighborhood Association, 1990).

112. "Little Locals," Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening News, (July 10, 1889), 4; "East Lincoln Notes," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (August 7, 1889), 8; "Hon. Guy A. Brown [obituary)," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (October 28, 1889), 4.

113. "A New School," (Lincoln) Nebraska State News (February 17, 1889), 5; Hayes & Cox, History of the City of Lincoln (Lincoln, 1889) (illustrated).

114. "Brick and Mortar. A Busy Year Among the Builders...Residence Improvements," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (December 30, 1888), 12.

115. Edward F. Zimmer, Near South Walking Tour, V. 1 (Lincoln: Near South Neighborhood Association, 1990).

116. "Personal," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (May 23, 1888) 7; W. L. Gaston and A. R. Humphrey, History of Custer County (Lincoln, Nebraska: Western Publishing and Engraving Company, 1919), 196. Accessed on-line December 30, 2017 at

117. "Notice to Contractors," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (August 11, 1887), 8; "Nebraska News...Fairmont," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (January 16, 1888), 7.

118. "Building Permits," Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening News (May 11, 1889), 4.

119. Lancaster County Deeds 30:498 (1886) and 87:468 (1897), pertaining to 1820 C Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.

120. "Brevities," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (September 13, 1895), 8; "Society," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Semi-weekly Record" (September 17, 1895), 4; "Two More Needed," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) News (October 28, 1895), 2; Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 4, 1896), 1.

121. "Wilkes-Barre. Brevities," Scranton (Pennsylvania) Republican (July 23, 1896), 8.

122. "Fine Home for Mr. Butler," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (October 2, 1896), 12.

123. "Another Big Hotel To be on the Present Site of Music Hall. Sure Thing This Time," Scranton (Pennsylvania) Republican (January 9, 1897), 10: "Plans for the Big Hotel Considered at a Meeting Held on Thursday Evening," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Semi-weekly Record (January 12, 1897), 2; "The Wilkes Barre Hotel on Site of Music Hall Block. J H. W. Hawkins, Architect [perspective drawing]," (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania) Record of the Times (March 5, 1897), 6; "The New Hotel Sterling. The Lessee in Town in Consultation with the Architect," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record, (September 18, 1897), 5; "Open Two [sic] the Public. Wilkes-Barre's Magnificent New Hotel Sterling," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (August 15, 1898), 5.

124. "Another New Building. A Handsome Business Block of Five Stories to be Erected by Simon Long," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Sunday Morning Leader (March 14, 1897), 16; "A Splendid Building. Description of Plans for Simon Long's New Block," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) News (June 17, 1897), 3.

125. "Some New Structures...Fine New Homes," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times (March 23, 1897), 3.

126. "Wilkes-Barre. Brevities," Scranton (Pennsylvania) Republican (June 14, 1898), 8.

127. "Hotel Sterling," from Wikipedia, Accessed December 30, 2017.

128. "J. H. W. Hawkins," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times (December 10, 1898), 18.

129. "New Buildings. Several of Them Going Up in Various Parts of the City," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Evening Leader (January 6, 1899), 2; "More Building Operations. A Number of Residences Being Erected this Month," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times (January 27, 1899), 8.

130. "About the New Court House. There are Ten Architects Working in the Competition. Five Wilkes-Barreans," (Wilkes-Barrel Pennsylvania) Sunday News (February 19, 1899), 4; "A Pittsburg Architect Gets Court House Plans. The Cost of the Building is to be about $450,000. A Decision Reached by the County Commissioners This Afternoon--A. H. Kipp, of This City, Was Second Choice, the Next Four were Hazle Hurst & Heckel, Philadelphia; McCormack & French, Davey & Williams, and J. H. W Hawkins, of this City," Wilkes-Barre Times Leader (Pennsylvania) (April 6, 1899), 1; "Court House Plans Adopted," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Telephone (April 8, 1899), 4 [JHWH among 5 eacj receiving $300 prizes).

131. "The B.I.A. [Boys' Industrial Association] One Contractor Offers to Put in a Competitive Bid," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) News (March 28, 1899); "A Better Site. The City Council Will be Asked to Change the B.I.A. Ordinance Passed Last Night," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Evening Leader (July 12, 1899), 2; "Corner Stone Laid. Pretty Ceremonies at the New B. I. A Building," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) News (October 5, 1899), 3; "Opening of B. I. A. Building. An Auspicious Event in the Association's History," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (May 3, 1900), 5 (illustrated).

132. "A Handsome Publication," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times (April 17, 1899), 6; J. H. W. Hawkins, Examples of Architecture by J. H. W. Hawkins, Architect, Wilkes-Barre, PA (photocopy at Lincoln/Lancaster County Planning Dept. courtesy of Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, Wilkes-Barre, PA).

133. "Architect for a Large Hotel," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (July 22, 1899), 12; "Personal," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) News (August 30, 1899), 1.

134. "New Buildings. The Total Valuation Represented by October Permits is $74,228," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) News (November 1, 1899), 1.

135. "Mr. Flock's New Store," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times (November 16, 1899), 7.

136. "Brief Mention...Figuring on Plans," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (January 22, 1900), 16.

137. "Fine New Residence," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Record (February 9, 1900), 6.

138. "Young Architect Wins Promotion," Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times (December 6, 1902), 3.

139. Wayne W. Wood, Jacksonville's Architectural Heritage, (Jacksonville, FL: University of North Florida Press).

140. "Goings on in Florida," Palatka (Florida) News and Advertiser (September 4, 1902), 1.

141. "News of City and County Condensed...Personal and social items," Gainesville (Florida) Daily Sun (September 25, 1907), 8.

142. Daytona (Florida) Daily News, (December 2, 1915), 6.

143. "News of City and County Condensed," Gainesville (Florida) Daily Sun (September 19, 1908), 2; "Gainesville's Masonic Temple. Cornerstone will be laid Wednesday with Imposing Ceremonies," Ocala (Florida) Evening Star (September 7, 1908), 2; "Masonic Temple (Gainesville, Florida)," Wikipedia on-line at,_Florida) Accessed January 1, 2018; "Masonic Temple, Lodge F. & A. M. No. 41, 215 North Main Street, Gainesville, Alachua County, FL," Historic American Buildings Survey, Library of Congress Available on-line at accessed January 1, 2018.

144. "Residence of Mr. Harold Weston, Jacksonville, Fla." (photo and plan)," Editor of the "Architects' and Builders' Magazine, Bungalows, Camps and Mountain Houses, (New York: Wm. T. Comstock, 1908), 4, 11, 36. Available on-line at Accessed January 1, 2018.

145. Residences credited to Hawkins by Jacksonville Historical Society on website accessed by EFZ, August 15, 2009 (page address no longer maintained, January 1, 2018).

146. "J. H. W. Hawkins" (obituary), Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania) Times-Leader (March 9, 1923), 16.

147. "Wymore Church Building Closes for Good," Beatrice (Nebraska) Daily Sun (August 10, 2015).

148. "A Strong Insurance Agency," (Omaha, Nebraska) World-Herald (November 3, 1889), 8; 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. s.v. "Benjamin R. [sic] Smith." Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2004; "Personal Paragraphs," (Omaha, Nebraska) Sunday World-Herald (November 9, 1890), 6; "Benjamin Franklin Smith" in Find A Grave available on-line at Accessed January 4, 2018.

149. "Our Neighbors. The News of the Day as Gleaned by Journal Reporters. Prospective Improvement at...Geneva," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (April 26, 1887), 2.

150. "Hold Funeral of Fillmore Pioneer at Geneva Sunday," Lincoln (Nebraska) Star (September 10, 1924), 7 (obituary of George W. Smith); "Geneva to Have a Hospital Soon," Lincoln (Nebraska) Star (October 28, 1925), 5. "George W. Smith House," nomination to National Register of Historic Places, 1986. Available on-line at Accessed January 4, 2018.

151. "Walsh Active. He is Filled with the Idea of Railroad Expansion and is Living Up to It," (Richmond, Indiana) Palladium-Itam (January 26, 1899), 2; "Beautiful Indian Springs," Columbus (Indiana) Republican (August 31, 1899), 3; "Plans for a Palatial Hotel. John R. Walsh to Improve His Indian Springs Park," Indianapolis (Indiana) Journal (July 21, 1901), 4.

152. "Clarence T. Doty Residence," Historic American Building Survey No. FL-343, 1975. Five measured drawings and nine data pages. Available on-line at Accessed January 18, 2018.

153. "Holy Trinity Episcopal Church, 1200 J Street, Lincoln, Lancaster County, Nebraska," Historic American Building Survey No. NE-35-6. Five photos, 21 Measured Drawings, 2 Data pages. Available on-line at Accessed January 18, 2018.

154. "Notice to Contractors," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (October 23, 1887), 8: "West Lincoln," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (May 2, 1888), 7; illustrated (photo) in Lincoln Picturesque and Descriptive (George B. Pratt: Neenah, Wisconsin, 1889); reprinted in Matthew Hansen, J. L. McKee, E. F. Zimmer, Lincoln's Early Architecture (Arcadia Publishing: Charleston, South Carolina, 2014), 49; and Plat of "West Lincoln Lancaster Co. Neb.," signed by John Fitzgerald, June 23, 1885. Plat 222, Office of Lancaster County Engineer.

155. In "Mere Mention," (Lincoln) Nebraska State Journal (November 25, 1886), 8.

156. "Episcopal Diocesan School for Boys at Lincoln, Neb.," illustrated in Lincoln (Nebraska) Daily Call (April 30, 1893), 13.

Page Citation

E. F. Zimmer and D. Murphy “John Henry Willis Hawkins (1855-1923), Architect,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, February 18, 2020. Accessed, February 1, 2023.

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