George W. Peters (ca. 1859-1893), Architect
George W. Peters was born in Dayton, Ohio to Joseph and Catherine Peters. His father was a builder and contractor credited not only with superintending construction of major structures, but also with designing several Dayton churches. Although 21-year-old George was identified as an architect in the 1880 census, the Dayton city directories list him as a draughtsman in the office of Peters & Burns from 1879 through 1886. His brother Luther Peters was a partner in that office, described as "among most prominent Dayton firms, best known for...Dayton Public Library."[a] Peters was first listed in the Lincoln city directory in 1887 as an architect with J. H. W. Hawkins, then as a partner with F. C. Fiske as Fiske & Peters in 1888 and 1889. By 1890, they were listed as practicing separately. Peters died in 1893 in Dayton, Ohio on a visit to his parents. His widow, sometimes listed as Mary K. and sometimes as Katie M., died six years later at 39 years of age. They were interred together at Woodland Cemetery in Dayton.
Compiled Nebraska Directory Listings
Lincoln, Nebraska, 1887-1893
Educational & Professional Associations
1887: architect with J. H. W. Hawkins, Lincoln, Nebraska.
1888-1889: architect and partner, Fiske & Peters, Architects, Lincoln, Nebraska.
1890-1893: architect, Lincoln, Nebraska.
Buildings & Projects
a. American Architect & Building News (February 6, 1886), published a full page drawing for "The Dayton Public School Library." See https://www.loc.gov/resource/ppmsca.15586/ Inland Architect published a photo of the same, see http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/ds.06532/ Accessed January 16, 2017.
b. The Thayer and the Peters houses are near one another in the same Prospect Subdivision; both lots were purchased by Mary K. Peters and the houses were occupied by George and Mary, in succession, perhaps as they completed construction. Both properties were encumbered by several mortgages and then mechanic's liens in the course of construction.
c. Peters filed a lien against the owners of Nebraska Conservatory of Music for "plans, specifications and details" at a rate of "2% on the total cost of the building." While the lien described the building as "the New Nebraska Conservatory of Music," the parcel involved was not the Conservatory building itself at the SE corner of 13th & L, but rather the parcel across the street on the NE corner of that intersection, where the "Waverly Place" or "Waverly Hotel" was built, a 3-story brick structure with stone veneer. The Nebraska State Historical Society's Macdonald Studio Collection of photographs has two images of this building (M134-19271127 and M134-19310506).
d. Lincoln Evening Call of July 12, 1886, noted "Architect J. H. W. Hawkins has found it necessary owing to his increased business to secure the services in the drafting department of G. W. Peters, of Dayton, O., who will take charge of his duties tomorrow."
1. Harvey W. Crew, History of Dayton, Ohio, Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Publishing, 1889. See http://www.daytonhistorybooks.com/page/page/3440614.htm Accessed January 16, 2017.
2. "Biographical Dictionary of Cincinnati Architects, 1788-1940," 2008; see http://oldsite.architecturecincy.org/dictionary/P.html#peters Accessed January 16, 2017.
3. 1860, 1870, 1880 U. S. Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. s.v. George W. Peters, with parents Joseph and Catherine.
4. (Lincoln, Nebraska) Evening News (July 28, 1893).
5. http://www.woodlandcemetery.org Accessed June 4, 2015.
6. Lancaster County (Nebraska) Deeds 38:71 (March 1887) and 46:621 (April 1889) and Mechanic's Liens C-408 and D-268.
7. Lancaster County (Nebraska) Deeds 46:628 (April 1889) and 71:280 (January 1893) and Mechanic's Liens E:374, 436, 477, 521.
8. Lancaster County (Nebraska) Mechanic's Lien H-157, 1892.
9. Lincoln (Nebraska) Evening Call (July 12, 1886), 4.
E. F. Zimmer and D. Murphy, “George W. Peters (ca. 1859-1893), Architect,” in David Murphy, Edward F. Zimmer, and Lynn Meyer, comps. Place Makers of Nebraska: The Architects. Lincoln: Nebraska State Historical Society, December 11, 2017. http://www.e-nebraskahistory.org/index.php?title=Place_Makers_of_Nebraska:_The_Architects Accessed, July 15, 2020.
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